[Event "International Masters' Tournament"]
[Site "San Sebastian"]
[Date "1911.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Tarrasch, Dr."]
[Black "Capablanca"]
[Result "1/2-1/2"]
[ECO "C54"]
[Opening "Italian game"]
[Annotator "Mieses, J."]
[Mode "OTB"]
1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bc4 Bc5 4. c3 Nf6 5. d4 exd4 6. cxd4 Bb4+ 7. Bd2 Bxd2+
8. Nbxd2 d5 9. exd5 Nxd5 10. Qb3 Nce7 11. O-O O-O 12. Rfe1 c6 13. a4 Qb6
14. Qa3 Be6 15. a5 Qc7 16. Ne4 Rad8 17. Nc5 Bc8 18. g3
{To prevent Nf4 and double the rooks on the e-file; but this move weakens the kingside. White doesn't have any favourable continuation of the attack in any case. Ne5 would be best.} (
18. Ne5) 18... Nf5 $1 {With that, Black proceeds to attack the isolated pawn.}
19. Rad1 Nd6 $1 {Very well played by Black.} 20. Bxd5
{On Bc4-f1, Bc8-g4 follows.} (20. Bf1 Bg4) 20... Nb5 $1 $220 21. Qb4
{Of course not Bc4xf7+, because after Qc7xf7 a piece is lost.} (21. Bxf7+ Qxf7)
21... Rxd5 {Now Bc8-g4 threatens.} 22. Nd3 $1
{The only defence. At the same time, White threatens Nd3-f4 and d4-d5.}
22... Bg4 {A very strong move would instead be Qc7-d6.} (22... Qd6) 23. Nde5 h5
{Simpler would be 23... Rd5xe5; 24. Nd3[sic]xe5, Bg4xd1; 25. Re1xd1, Rf8-d8 etc.} (
23... Rxe5 24. Nxe5 Bxd1 25. Rxd1 Rd8) 24. Nxg4 hxg4 25. Nh4 $1 Rfd8 26. Re7
Qd6 {Black could keep the advantage here with Qc7-c8.} (26... Qc8) 27. Qxd6
Nxd6 28. a6 $1 bxa6 29. Rxa7 Nb5 30. Rxa6 Nxd4 31. Kf1 $1 g5 32. Ng2 Nf3
33. Rxd5 cxd5
{33... Nf3xh2+; 34. Kf1-e2, c6xd5; 35. Ng2-e3, d5-d4; 36. Ne3-f5, d4-d3+; 37. Ke2-d1 leads to a draw as well.} (
33... Nxh2+ 34. Ke2 cxd5 35. Ne3 d4 36. Nf5 d3+ 37. Kd1 $10) 34. Ne1 $1
{Not Ng2-e3, because of d5-d4-d3.} (34. Ne3 d4 35. Nxg4 d3) 34... Re8 35. Nxf3
gxf3 36. Rd6
{White must not let himself in with 36. Ra6-f6, g5-g4; 37. Rf6-f4, Re8-e4; 38. Rf4xe4, d5xe4, because the white king then has limited freedom of movement due to the continuous threat of e4-e3, so that the b-pawn will in the end be captured by the black king.} (
36. Rf6 g4 37. Rf4 Re4 38. Rxe4 dxe4) 36... Rc8 37. Ke1 Re8+ 38. Kf1 Rc8
{Terminated in a draw.} 1/2-1/2
[Event "International Masters' Tournament"]
[Site "Karlsbad"]
[Date "1907.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Salwe"]
[Black "Schlechter"]
[Result "1-0"]
[ECO "C50"]
[Opening "Two knights defence"]
[Variation "[transposing into a giuoco pianissimo]"]
[Annotator "Mieses, J."]
[Mode "OTB"]
1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bc4 Nf6 4. d3
{Very good, even if less energetic than d2-e4[sic].} 4... Bc5 5. Nc3 d6 6. Be3
{White rightly lets himself be given a doubled pawn on the e-line, since the
open f-line more than outweighs this disadvantage.}
6... Bxe3 7. fxe3 Na5
{The game plan chosen by Schlechter stems from Steinitz, who, contrary to
current opinion, saw the doubled pawns e3, e4 as a weakness. The exchange of
Bc4 is consistent from his point of view, to prevent potential attacks on the
open f-line. - The course of this game contradicts Steinitz.}
8. Bb3 Nxb3 9. axb3 Ng4 10. Qd2 (10. h3 Nh6 (10... Nxe3 11. Qe2 d5 12. Qxe3 d4
13. Qf2 dxc3 14. bxc3)) 10... f5
{Steinitz played 9... Nf6-g4 as well, but he continued, and this is
characteristic for his mode of play in contrast to Schlechter's, with f7-f6 and
then led the knight over h6 to f7.
It could here be mentioned, too, that, if White had moved 10. h2-h3, Black
would best retract the knight to h6, because after 10... Ng4-e3; 11. Qd1-e2,
d6-d5; 12. Qe2xe3, d5-d4; 13. Qe3-f2, d4xc3; 14. b2xc3 White wins a pawn,
either the one on a7 or the one on e5.}
11. exf5 Bxf5 12. O-O $1 O-O 13. h3 Nh6
{Not 13... Ng4-f6? because of 14. Nf3xe5.} (13... Nf6 $2 14. Nxe5) 14. e4 Bd7
$220 15. d4 $1
{This excellent move clearly exposes the dominance of the white position, which
consists of both open lines.}
15... Nf7
{Black cannot let himself take the pawn: 15... e5xd4; 16. Qd2xd4, b7-b6; 17.
e4-e5, d6xe5; 18; Qd4-d5+, Kg8-h8; 19. Nf3xe5, Bd7-f5; 20. Qd5xd8, Ra8xd8; 21.
Rf1-f2 and now both Ra1xa7 and Ra1-f1 followed by g2-g4 threaten.} (
15... exd4 16. Qxd4 b6 17. e5 dxe5 18. Qd5+ Kh8 19. Nxe5 Bf5 20. Qxd8 Raxd8
21. Rf2) 16. dxe5 dxe5 17. Rfd1 $1 {With this, White wins a pawn.} 17... Nd6
18. Nxe5 Be6 19. Nf3 Rxf3
{This daring attack offers the only practical chance left to Black, since the
endgame is lost for him with normal play.}
20. gxf3 Qh4 21. Ra5 $1
{The advantage of the open a-line now makes itself felt in yet another
completely different way. The rook now threatens to reach g5, where he plays an
attacking and defending role at the same time.}
21... Rf8 22. Qf2 Qxh3 23. Rd3 b5 {Now Rf8-f6 threatens.} 24. Qh2 Qxh2+
{After 24... Rf8xf3; 25. Qh2xh3, Rf3xh3; 26. Rd3xh3, Be6xh3; 27. Ra5xa7, the
endgame is untenable for Black as well.} (
24... Rxf3 25. Qxh3 Rxh3 26. Rxh3 Bxh3 27. Rxa7 $18) 25. Kxh2 g5 26. e5 Nf7
27. Rxb5 g4 28. fxg4 Ng5 29. Rc5 Rf2+ 30. Kg3 Rf7 31. Re3 Rf1 32. Ne4 Rg1+
33. Kf2 Rxg4 34. Nxg5
{Black resigns. - Salwe has has treated this game soundly and strongly
throughout.}
1-0
[Event "Master's Tournament"]
[Site "Oostende"]
[Date "1907.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Perlis, Dr."]
[Black "Blackburne"]
[Result "0-1"]
[ECO "C21"]
[Opening "Centre gambit"]
[Variation "[Danish gambit, Soerensen defence]"]
[Annotator "Mieses, J."]
[Mode "OTB"]
1. e4 e5 2. d4 exd4 3. c3 d5 4. exd5 Qxd5 5. cxd4 Nc6 6. Nf3 Bg4 7. Be2 Nf6
8. O-O Bd6 9. Nc3 Qh5 10. Re1 O-O 11. h3 $220 Rad8 $1
{Sacrificing the bishop on h3 would be pointless, since White then defends
himself adequately with Be-f1-g2. In the form chosen by Blackburn, though, the
sacrifice is very strong, and White had better not let himself in with it.} (
11... Bxh3 12. gxh3 Qxh3 13. Bf1 Qg4+ 14. Bg2) 12. hxg4 Nxg4 13. Bg5
{Better would be g2-g3.} (13. g3) 13... Bh2+ 14. Kf1 Be5 15. Bd3 Rxd4 $1
{The old English master plays the entire game in the vehement attacking style
of his earlier days.}
16. Nxe5 Re8 $1 {Again the best move.} 17. Re4 Rxe4 18. Bxe4 Ncxe5 19. Bf4 Ng6
20. Bg3 Qh1+ 21. Ke2 Qxg2 22. Qh1 $2
{White could save himself here with 22. Qd1-d7. After 22... Re8xb4[sic]; 23.
Nc3xe4, Qg2xe4+; 24. Ke2-d2, Qe4-b4+ Black retains a sufficient pawn majority
for the quality.} (
22. Qd7 Rxe4+ 23. Nxe4 Qxe4+ 24. Kd2 Qb4+) 22... Qxh1 23. Rxh1 f5 24. Kf3 N4e5+
25. Kg2 fxe4 26. Nxe4 Nf7 27. Re1 Re7 28. f3 Nd6 29. Bxd6 cxd6 30. Rd1 d5
31. Nc3 Rd7 32. Kf2 Ne7 33. Ke3 d4+ 34. Ke4 dxc3 $1
{White resigns because of 35. Rd1xd7, c3-c2; 36. Rd7-c7, Ne7-c6.} 0-1
[Event "Small Masters' Tournament"]
[Site "New York"]
[Date "1913.09.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Marshall"]
[Black "Duras"]
[Result "1-0"]
[ECO "C21"]
[Opening "Centre gambit"]
[Variation "[Danish gambit, Soerensen defence]"]
[Annotator "Mieses, J."]
[Mode "OTB"]
1. e4 e5 2. d4 exd4 3. c3 d5 4. exd5 Qxd5 5. cxd4 Nf6 6. Nf3 Bb4+ 7. Nc3 O-O
8. Be2 Bg4 9. O-O Qa5 $1 10. Qb3 Nc6 11. a3 $1 Bxc3 $2
{This exchange is amiss, since it provides the opponent with a strong centre.}
12. bxc3 Rab8 13. h3 Bh5 14. Be3 Rfd8 15. Rac1 a6 16. Rfd1 Qd5 17. c4 $1
{The domination of the first player in the centre already makes itself felt,
and hereafter Marshall manages excellently to make use of the situation.}
17... Qd6 18. c5 Qe6 19. Bc4 Nd5 20. Bg5 $1 Bxf3 21. Qxf3 f6 22. Bf4 Rbc8
23. Rb1 Na5 24. Ba2 Kh8 25. Re1 Qf7 $220 26. Bd6 $1 {Pretty, even if obvious.}
26... cxd6 {If 26... c7-c6, then 27. Re1-e7!.} (26... c6 27. Re7 $1) 27. Bxd5
Qc7 28. Bxb7 Rb8 29. Be4 dxc5 30. Rxb8 Rxb8 31. Qf5 $1 g6 32. Qxf6+ Qg7
33. Qxg7+
{Exchanging the queens makes for a simple way to victory, but 33. Qf6xa6 is
also very strong.} (
33. Qxa6) 33... Kxg7 34. dxc5 Re8 35. f3 Re5 36. Rd1 $1 Rxc5 37. Rd7+ Kh8
{37... Kg7-h6 is followed by h3-h4, and the black king finds itself in a mating
net.} (
37... Kh6 38. h4) 38. Rd6 Rc3 39. h4 $1 Rxa3 40. h5 $1
{Marshall handles the endgame very well.} 40... gxh5 41. Rh6 Nc4 42. Rxh7+ Kg8
43. Rxh5 {[Check, according to the text: "Rh7xh5+".]} 43... Ne3 44. Kf2 a5
45. g4 Kg7 46. g5 a4 47. Rh7+ Kf8 48. Ra7 Nd1+ 49. Kg3 Nc3 50. Kf4 Ra1 51. Bc6
Re1 52. Kf5 Re7 53. Ra8+ Kg7 54. Bxa4 {Resigned.} 1-0
[Event "Nordic Chess Congress"]
[Site "Stockholm"]
[Date "1912.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Alekhine"]
[Black "Marco"]
[Result "1-0"]
[ECO "C41"]
[Opening "Philidor defence"]
[Variation "[Improved Hanham]"]
[Annotator "Mieses, J."]
[Mode "OTB"]
1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 d6 3. d4 Nf6 4. Nc3 Nbd7 5. Bc4 Be7 6. O-O O-O 7. Qe2 c6 8. a4
h6
{This weakening of the kingside is certainly necessary (because of the threat
Nf3-g5), if Black wants to achieve the formation Re8, Nf8. Through his fine
next move, however, Alekhine prevents this formation, and Black has weakened
his king's cover in vain.
Perhaps play on the queenside could be attempted with 8... b7-b6 followed by
a7-a5 and Bc8-a6 or Bc8-b7. In any case the position is difficult for Black.}
9. Bb3 $1 Qc7
{9. Rf8-e8 would now be answered with Qe2-c4, after which the rook would have
to go back to f8.} (
9... Re8 10. Qc4) 10. h3 Kh7
{Black only has a small choice of moves, and tries to dig himself in on the
kingside. The game is already definitely better for White, but it is
interesting to observe with which simple means Alekhine makes use of his
positional dominance.}
11. Be3 g6 12. Rad1 Kg7 13. Nh2 Ng8
{Too defensive. 13... Nf6-h5 was certainly preferable. Against that, Alekhine
had the following gameplan in mind: 14. Qe2-d2, g6-g5; 15. g2-g3, Nd7-f6; 16.
f2-f4! with strong attack.} (
13... Nh5 14. Qd2 g5 15. g3 Ndf6 16. f4 $1) 14. f4 f6 15. Qg4 $1 exd4 16. Bxd4
Nc5
{This loses a pawn; however, if 16... Nd7-e5, then 17. Qg4-g3, Ne5-f7; 18.
f4-f5, g6-g5; 19. Qg3-g4, Nf7-e5; 20. Bd4xe5 (not immediately 20. Qg4-h5
because of 20... Bc8-d7 and Bd7-e8), d6xe5; 21. Qg4-h5 and White wins.} (
16... Ne5 17. Qg3 Nf7 18. f5 g5 19. Qg4 Ne5 20. Bxe5
{Not immediately 20. Qg4-h5 because of 20... Bc8-d7 and Bd7-e8.} (20. Qh5 Bd7)
20... dxe5 21. Qh5 $18) 17. f5 Nxb3 18. Qxg6+ Kh8 19. cxb3 Bd7 20. Qg3
{White is on his guard! If he were all too greedily to move Nh2-g4, he would
lose at least a piece after 20... Bd7-e8! (21. Ng4xf6, Be7xf6 etc.).} (
20. Ng4 Be8 $1 21. Nxf6 Bxf6) 20... Rf7 21. Ng4 Qd8 22. Ne2 Rg7 23. Nf4 Qe8
24. Qh4 Qf7 25. Rd3
{25. Ng4xh6 would also lead to victory, of course; however, the text move is
stronger.} (
25. Nxh6) 25... Kh7 $220 26. Ng6 $1 Rxg6
{Forced in the face of the threat 27. Rf1-f4 followed by 28. Ng4xh6, Ng8xh6;
29. Qh4xh6+, Kh7xg6; 30. Rf4-h4+, Kh6-g5; 31. Bd4-e3 mate.}
27. fxg6+ Qxg6 28. Bxf6 Bxg4 29. Bxe7 Re8 30. Rxd6 Qg7 31. Bf6 Nxf6 32. Rfxf6
{Resigned. Alekhine has carried the attack very strongly.} 1-0
[Event "Masters' Tournament"]
[Site "Oostende"]
[Date "1906.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Duras"]
[Black "Teichmann"]
[Result "1-0"]
[ECO "C87"]
[Opening "Spanish game"]
[Variation "[Closed, Averbach]"]
[Annotator "Mieses, J."]
[Mode "OTB"]
1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 4. Ba4 Nf6 5. O-O Be7
{Nowadays, Nf6xe4 is considered better.} 6. Re1 d6
{Usually 6... b7-b5 is played here.} 7. c3 O-O 8. h3 h6
{8... Nf6-d7, recommended by Chigorin, is also a good move here.} (8... Nd7)
9. d4 Bd7 10. Nbd2 Re8 11. Nf1 Bf8 12. Ng3 g6 13. Bb3 Qe7 14. Be3 $1
{Behind this move lies a spirited plan: when Black plays 14... Nc6-a5, to drive
the bishop from b3, this follows: 15. d4xe5, d6xe5; 16. Nf3xe5, Na5xb3; 17.
a2xb3, Qe7xe5; 18. Be3-d4, Qe5-e7; 19. Bd4xf6, Qe7xf6; 20. Qd1xd7.}
14... Bg7 (14... Na5 15. dxe5 dxe5 16. Nxe5 Nxb3 17. axb3 Qxe5 18. Bd4 Qe7
19. Bxf6 Qxf6 20. Qxd7) 15. d5 Nd8 16. c4 b6 17. Bc2 a5 18. Nh2 Kh7 19. Rb1 Ng8
20. f4 exf4 21. Bxf4
{This continuation was the reason behind 19. Ra1-b1; else the pawn on b2 would
now be unprotected.}
21... Be5 22. Bxe5 $1
{This exchange must happen immediately, before f7-f6 has been played, since
otherwise Black retakes with the f-pawn and obtains a free game.}
22... Qxe5 23. Ne2 Qg7 24. Nf3 Nb7 25. Ng3 Nc5 26. Qd2 Re7 27. Qf2 $1
{This move contains a subtle threat: 28. e4-e5, d6xe5; 29. Ng3-h5, Qg7-h8 (to
keep the pawn on e5 protected); 20. Re1xe5, Re7xe5; 31. Nf3-g5+ followed by
Qf2xf7+ and mate on the next move.}
27... Rae8
{This parries the mentioned threat, because on 29. Ng3-h5 the black queen can
now go to f8.}
28. Re2 Kh8 29. b3 Nf6 30. Rbe1 Nh7 31. Bb1 Ng5 32. Nxg5 hxg5 33. Qf3 $1
{g5-g4 must be prevented.} 33... Qd4+ 34. Kh2 Kg7
{With the threat 35... g5-g4; 36. h3xg4, Re8-h8+.} 35. Rf2 Qe5 36. Ref1 Rh8
37. Kg1 Rh4 38. Qe3 Rh6
{Black rightly avoids the following, for him disadvantageous, continuation:
38... g5-g4; 39. Ng3-f5+, Bd7xf5; 40. Rf2xf5, g6xf5; 41. Qd2xg5+, Kg7-f8; 42.
Qg5xh4, f5xe4; 43. Rf2-f6!, Kf8-e8; 44. Qh4xg4! (threatens mate on c8) etc.} (
38... g4 39. Nf5+ Bxf5 40. Rxf5 gxf5 41. Qg5+ Kf8 42. Qxh4 fxe4 43. Rf6 $1 Ke8
44. Qxg4 $1) 39. a3 g4 40. hxg4 Bxg4 41. Rf4 Bd7 42. Qf2 Be8 $220 43. Rf5 $1
{Duras plays the following part of the game very subtly and elegantly.}
43... Qc3
{Black cannot allow himself to take the rook, since this is followed by: 44.
Ng3xf5+, Kg7-h7; 45. Rf5xh6, Kh7xh6; 46. Qf2-h4+, Kh6-g7; 47. Rf1-f5 etc.} (
43... gxf5 44. Nxf5+ Kh7 45. Nxh6 Kxh6 46. Qh4+ Kg7 47. Rf5) 44. e5 $1
{Played very strongly again.} 44... dxe5 45. Rg5 Kh7 46. Nf5 $1 gxf5 47. Qxf5+
Rg6
{Black has nothing better: if 47... Kh7-h8, then 48. Rg5-h5, Qc3-e3+; 49.
Kg1-h2 and now both Qf5-f6+ and Rf1-f3 threaten. From these, there is no
rescue.} (
47... Kh8 48. Rh5 Qe3+ 49. Kh2) 48. Qf6 $1 Qd4+ 49. Rf2 Qd1+ 50. Kh2 e4 $1
51. Qxe7 Rh6+ 52. Kg3 Qe1
{On 52... Qd1xb3+, White wins with 53. Rf2-f3 with the threat Rf3xf7+ etc.} (
52... Qxb3+ 53. Rf3) 53. Qxe8 Qe3+ 54. Kg4 f5+
{The attempt 54... Rh6-h4+ is futile as well, due to 55. Kg4xh4, Qe3xf2+; 56.
Kh4-h5, Qf2-e2+; 57. Tg5-g4 etc. - Black defends himself as well as possible,
but against the excellent handling of the attack by his opponent he fights for
a lost cause.} (
54... Rh4+ 55. Kxh4 Qxf2+ 56. Kh5 Qe2+ 57. Rg4) 55. Rgxf5 $1
{Not 55. Rf2xf5, because Black could then force a draw by perpetual check: 55.
Rf2xf5, Qe3-e2+; 56 Kg4-f4, Qe2-f2+; 57. Kf4-e5, Qf2-b2+ etc.} (
55. Rfxf5 Qe2+ 56. Kf4 Qf2+ 57. Ke5 Qb2+) 55... Rg6+ $220 56. Qxg6+
{This beautiful ending crowns Duras' achievement.} 56... Kxg6 57. Rf6+ Kg7
58. Rf7+ Kg8 59. Rf8+ Kg7 60. R2f7+ Kg6 61. Rf6+ Kg7 62. R8f7+ Kg8 63. Kh5 $1
Qe2+ 64. g4 {Black resigns.} 1-0
[Event "Match for the World Championship"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "1908.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Lasker, Dr. E."]
[Black "Tarrasch, Dr."]
[Result "0-1"]
[ECO "C98"]
[Opening "Spanish game"]
[Variation "[Closed, Chigorin]"]
[Annotator "Mieses, J."]
[Mode "OTB"]
1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 4. Ba4 Nf6 5. O-O Be7 6. Re1 b5 7. Bb3 d6 8. c3
Na5 9. Bc2 c5 {To challenge the opponent for the centre,} 10. d4 Qc7 11. Nbd2
Nc6
{Better is 11... Bc8-g4 followed by c5xd4 and Ra8-c4, with which Black puts
pressure on the c-line.}
12. h3
{A preparatory move for Nd2-f1, on which the sacrifice of the pawn on d4 is
planned. An immediate Nd2-f1 would not be favourable for White, because of
12... c5xd4; 13. c3xd4, Bc8-g4; 14. Bc1-e3, Bg4xf3; 15; g2xf3, e5xd4; 16.
Be3-g5, h7-h6; 17. Bg5-h4, g7-g5 followed by Nf6-h5 and Be7-f6.} (
12. Nf1 cxd4 13. cxd4 Bg4 14. Be3 Bxf3 15. gxf3 exd4 16. Bg5 h6 17. Bh4 g5 $17
{Followed by Nf6-h5 and Be7-f6.}) 12... O-O 13. Nf1 cxd4 14. cxd4 Nxd4 15. Nxd4
exd4 16. Ng3 {Much stronger is 16. Bc1-g5. For this, see the next game.}
16... Nd7 17. Bb3 Qb6 18. Nf5 Bf6 19. Bf4
{As Dr. Tarrasch explains, White would have had better drawing chances if he
had played to regain the pawn: 19. Bb3-d5, Ra8-a7; 20. b2-b3, Nd7-e5; 21.
Bc1-b2 (if 21. Nf5xd4, then 21... Qb6xd4; 22. Qd1xd4, Ne5-f3+ with advantage
for Black), Bc8xf5; 22e4xf5, d4-d3! and Black has some advantage.} (
19. Bd5 Ra7 20. b3 Ne5 21. Bb2
{If 21. Nf5xd4, then 21... Qb6xd4; 22. Qd1xd4, Ne5-f3+ with advantage for
Black.} (
21. Nxd4 Qxd4 22. Qxd4 Nf3+ $17) 21... Bxf5 22. exf5 d3 $15 $1) 19... Ne5
{Not 19... Bf6-e5? because of 20. Bf4xe5, d6xe5! 21. Qd1-g4 (threatens, besides
the mate on g7, to win a piece through Nf5-e7+ followed by Ne7xc8 and Qg4xd7),
Qb6-f6; 22. Bb3-d5, Ra8-a7; 23. Ra1-c1, Nb7-d8; 24. Ra1[sic]xc8, Rf8xc8; 25.
Nf5-h6+ and Qg4xc8.} (
19... Be5 $2 20. Bxe5 dxe5 $1 21. Qg4
{Threatens, besides the mate on g7, to win a piece through Nf5-e7+ followed by
Ne7xc8 and Qg4xd7.}
21... Qf6 22. Bd5 Ra7 23. Rac1 Nb8 24. Rxc8 Rxc8 25. Nh6+ {And Qg4xc8.})
20. Bd5
{Recognising correctly that recovering the d-pawn would be unfavourable for
White due to Ne5-c4, Lasker tries his luck in an attack on the castled king,
which, however, founders on Tarrasch' excellent counterplay.} (
20. Nxd4 Nc4) 20... Ra7 21. Qb3 {This threatens Nf5xd4 and Bf4-e3.} 21... Rc7
22. g4 {The attack this ushers in is in no way innocuous.} 22... g6 23. Nh6+
Kg7 24. g5 Bd8 25. Qg3 $220 f6 $1
{A very good, perhaps the only defensive move.
Dr. Tarrasch supplies the following variations: 26. h3-h4, f6xg5; 27. h4xg5,
Rf8xf4; 28. Qg3xf4, Bd8-g5! and Black wins, since the bishop cannot be taken
because of Ne5-f3+; or 26 g5xf6, Bd8xf6!; 27. Nh6-f5+, Bc8xf5; 28. e4xf5, d4-d3
and the white attack has been deflected, while Black will make use of his
passed pawn.}
26. Nf5+ (26. h4 fxg5 27. hxg5 Rxf4 28. Qxf4 Bxg5 $19 29. Qxg5 Nf3+) (26. gxf6+
Bxf6 $1 27. Nf5+ Bxf5 28. exf5 d3 $42) 26... Kh8
{Black could take the knight and would then retain his advantage with correct
play. He doesn't need to expose himself to danger, though, because after the
king's move the knight is, after all, still en prise, and Black immediately
gets the counter-attack.}
27. Nh4 fxg5 28. Bxg5 Bxg5 29. Qxg5 $220 d3 $1
{This strong move exposes the weakness of the enemy's position. The threatening
f2-f4 is now prevented, and the f-pawn becomes untenable.}
30. Kh1
{The attempt to cover the pawn on f2 with Qg5-g3 is futile due to Rc7-c2, and
30. Qg5-e3, Qb6xe3; 31. Re1xe3 results in an endgame which is plainly lost for
White.} (
30. Qg3 Rc2) (30. Qe3 Qxe3 31. Rxe3 $19) 30... Rc2 $1
{That is even better than Qb6xf2.} (30... Qxf2) 31. Re3
{Not 31. f2-f4 because of 31... Qb6-f2; 32. Nh4-g2, Ne5-f3.} (31. f4 Qf2
32. Ng2 Nf3) 31... Rfxf2 32. Ng2
{The only move. Black has a pretty retort to the seemingly strong move Nh4-f3
(threatening mate through Qg5-f6): 32... Rf2xf3; 33. R33xf3, Rc2-h2+ etc.} (
32. Nf3 Rxf3 33. Rxf3 Rh2+) 32... d2 33. Rg1 Rc1 34. Qe7 {A final attempt.}
34... Rxg1+ $1 35. Kxg1 d1=Q+ 36. Kxf2 Qf3+ 37. Ke1 Qa5+
{White[sic!] could have won even faster here: 37... Ne5-d3+; 38. Ke1-d2!,
Qb6-a5+; 39. Kd2xd3, Qf3-d1 mate, resp. 39. Kd2-c1, Qf3xg2+ etc.} (
37... Nd3+ 38. Kd2 $1 Qa5+ 39. Kxd3 (39. Kc2 Qxg2+) 39... Qd1#) 38. Rc3 Bxh3
39. Qxd6 {Now White threatens mate on his part.} 39... Qaxc3+ $1 40. bxc3 Qxc3+
41. Ke2 {If 41. Ke1-f1, then 41... Qc3-c1+; Kf1-f2, Qc1-d2+ etc.} (41. Kf1 Qc1+
42. Kf2 Qd2+) 41... Qc2+ 42. Ke3 Qd3+ 43. Kf4 g5+
{A pretty final flourish crowns this true masters' game.} 44. Kxg5 (44. Kxe5
Qc3#) 44... Nf7+
{White resigns.- On Kf4xe5, the problem-like mate Qd3-c3 would have followed.}
0-1
[Event "Match for the World Championship"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "1908.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Lasker, Dr. E."]
[Black "Tarrasch, Dr."]
[Result "1-0"]
[ECO "C98"]
[Opening "Spanish game"]
[Variation "[Closed, Chigorin]"]
[Annotator "Mieses, J."]
[Mode "OTB"]
1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 4. Ba4 Nf6 5. O-O Be7 6. Re1 b5 7. Bb3 d6 8. c3
Na5 9. Bc2 c5 10. d4 Qc7 11. Nbd2 Nc6
{Better is, as already mentioned on p. 24 [game 8, move 11], Be8-g4.} 12. h3
O-O 13. Nf1 cxd4 14. cxd4 Nxd4 15. Nxd4 exd4 16. Bg5 $1
{Up to here the game is identical to the previous one. The text move is much
stronger than the move Ne2[sic]-g3, made there by Lasker. This is because the
enemy's bishop can now not get to f6, where it protects the pawn on d4.}
16... h6
{Dr. Tarrasch remarks about this: "Even better is 16... Nf6-d5, which is
followed by 17. Bg5xe7, Nd5xe7. White then attacks the pawn on d4 with knight,
queen and rook, while Black can only protect it twice, and its fall
simultaneously opens the attack on the isolated and weak pawn on d6."} (
16... Nd5 17. Bxe7 Nxe7) 17. Bh4 Qb6
{17... Bc8-e6 with Ra8-c8 seems somewhat better.} (17... Be6) 18. Qd3 g5
{Played too riskily. The threat 19. e4-e5 and Bh4xf6 (threatening mate on h7)
could be parried quite well with Rf8-e8. Even so White would attain a good
attacking game with f2-f4.} (
18... Re8 19. f4) 19. Bg3 Be6 20. Rad1 Rfc8 21. Bb1 $1
{Now 22 e4-e5, d6xe5; 23. Bg3xe5 followed by Be5xf6 and Qd3-h7+, etc.,
threatens.}
21... Nd7 22. e5 Nf8 23. Qf3 $1
{Lasker handles the attack in exemplary fashion. Every move is a hammer-blow.}
23... d5
{White threatened e5xd6 with Qf3-f6. If, against this, Black immediately plays
23... Kg8-g7, then, as in the game, Qf3-h5 and then f2-f4 follows.} (
23... Kg7 24. Qh5) 24. Qh5 Kg7 25. f4 f5
{Tarrasch gives 25... Nf8-g6 as the relatively best defence here. If, on that,
the obvious move 26. f4-f5 is made, difficult complications result from 26...
d4-d3+; 27. Bh4[sic]-f2, Be7-c5; 28. Nf1-e3, Ng6-f4; 29. Qh5-g4, d5-d4!; 30.
Ne3-f1, Be6-d5 etc. White had therefore best, instead of 26. f4-f5, play 26.
Qh5-f3, after which the black kingsize remains exposed to further dangerous
attacks.} (
25... Ng6 26. f5 (26. Qf3) 26... d3+ 27. Bf2 Bc5 28. Ne3 Nf4 29. Qg4 d4 $1
30. Nf1 Bd5) 26. exf6+ Bxf6 27. fxg5 hxg5 $220 28. Be5 $1
{The decisive move. Now the pawn on g5 falls, and with it the fate of the game
is sealed.}
28... d3+ 29. Kh1 Ng6 30. Qxg5 Bf7 31. Ng3 Bxe5 32. Rxe5 Rh8
{All furher efforts by Black are, of course, in vain. Just the two connected
passed pawns suffice White for the victory.}
33. Bxd3 Ra7 34. Rde1 {Threatens Re1-e6.} 34... Kf8 35. Bxg6 Qxg6 36. Qe3 Rc7
37. Nf5 Qc6 38. Qg5 {Resigned.} 1-0
[Event "Match"]
[Site "Berlin"]
[Date "1910.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Lasker, Dr. E."]
[Black "Schlechter"]
[Result "1/2-1/2"]
[ECO "C80"]
[Opening "Spanish game"]
[Variation "[Schlechter defense - this appears to be its stem game]"]
[Annotator "Mieses, J."]
[Mode "OTB"]
1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 4. Ba4 Nf6 5. O-O Nxe4 6. d4 b5 7. Bb3 d5 8. a4
Nxd4 $1 {This is now considered the best.} 9. Nxd4 exd4 10. axb5
{10. Nb1-c3 probably makes for the best continuation in this variation. On
10... Ne4xc3; 11. b2xc3 Black then has to play c7-c5.} (
10. Nc3 Nxc3 11. bxc3 c5) 10... Bc5 11. c3 O-O 12. cxd4 Bb6 13. Nc3 Bb7
14. bxa6 Rxa6 15. Rxa6 Bxa6 16. Re1 Bb7 17. Na4 Qf6 18. Be3 Ba7 19. f3 Ng5
20. Nc5 Bxc5 21. dxc5 Ne6 22. Qd3 Rd8 23. Bc2 g6 24. b4 d4 25. Bc1 h5 26. Bb3 (
26. Rf1) 26... Bd5 $1 $220 27. Bxd5
{White should in any case have avoided the exchange of bishops, after which
Black gains the initiative. He had best played 26. Rf1-e1[sic] and f3-f4.}
27... Rxd5 28. h3 Re5 29. Rxe5 Qxe5 30. Kf2 Qd5 31. h4 Qa2+ 32. Qe2 Qb1 33. Qb2
Qd3 34. Qe2
{White seeks to prevent the enemy's queen to go to c4, since then, in some
circumstances, d4-d3 would threaten. Black on his side must avoid a queen
exchange.}
34... Qb3 35. Bd2 Kh7 36. Ke1 Qb1+ 37. Qd1 Qf5 38. Qe2 Qc2 39. Qd1 Qf5 40. Qe2
Qb1+ 41. Qd1 Qf5 42. Qe2 Qb1+ {Terminated in a draw.} 1/2-1/2
[Event "International Masters' Tournament"]
[Site "San Sebastian"]
[Date "1911.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Capablanca"]
[Black "Bernstein, Dr."]
[Result "1-0"]
[ECO "C65"]
[Opening "Spanish game"]
[Variation "[Berlin defense]"]
[Annotator "Mieses, J."]
[Mode "OTB"]
1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 Nf6 4. O-O Be7 5. Nc3 d6 6. Bxc6+ bxc6 7. d4
{[The text gives this move as d2-e4.]} 7... exd4 8. Nxd4 Bd7 9. Bg5 O-O 10. Re1
h6 11. Bh4 Nh7 12. Bxe7 Qxe7 13. Qd3 Rab8 14. b3 Ng5 15. Rad1
{Stronger would probably be f2-f4.} (15. f4) 15... Qe5 16. Qe3 Ne6 17. Nce2 Qa5
18. Nf5 Nc5 19. Ned4
{So as not to have to exchange the well-posted knight on f5, and at the same
time containing a hidden threat (Nd4xc6).}
19... Kh7 20. g4 Rbe8 21. f3 Ne6 22. Ne2 Qxa2 $2
{That is dangerous. Black should bring about the exchange of queens with
Qa5-b6, on which White does have a somewhat better game, but without there
being a distinct advantage to point out for him.} (
22... Qb6 23. Qxb6 axb6) 23. Neg3 Qxc2 24. Rc1
{So as to now avoid the exchange of queens (Qc5).} 24... Qb2 25. Nh5 $1 Rh8
{In this cramped position only g7-g5 would be worth trying; even so Black would
have to give up the quality after 26. e4-e5, f7-f6; 27. Nh5xf6+.} (
25... g5 26. e5 f6 27. Nxf6+) 26. Re2 Qe5 27. f4 Qb5 $220 28. Nfxg7
{White has played the game excellently and now forces the win with a manoeuvre
which is obvious, but had been foreseen by him long before.}
28... Nc5
{Now Qb5-b6 would have given little prospect of a draw. But after 28... Ne6xg7;
29. Nh5-f6+, Kh7-g6; 30. Nf6xd7, f7-f6; 31. e4-e5, Kg6-f7; 32. Nd7xf6, Re8-e7;
Nf6-e4 etc, the black position becomes untenable as well.} (
28... Qb6) (28... Nxg7 29. Nf6+ Kg6 30. Nxd7 f6 31. e5 Kf7 32. Nxf6 Re7 33. Ne4)
29. Nxe8 Bxe8 30. Qc3 $1 f6 31. Nxf6+ Kg6 32. Nh5 Rg8 33. f5+ Kg5 34. Qe3+
{and mate in two moves. This game was awarded the brilliancy prize of the
tournament.}
1-0
[Event "Match"]
[Site "Köln"]
[Date "1911.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Tarrasch, Dr."]
[Black "Schlechter"]
[Result "1-0"]
[ECO "C79"]
[Opening "Spanish game"]
[Variation "[Russian defense]"]
[Annotator "Mieses, J."]
[Mode "OTB"]
1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 4. Ba4 Nf6 5. O-O d6 6. Re1 b5 7. Bb3 Be7 8. a4
Rb8
{A strategic error: Black gives up the important a-line, and the knight on c6 is stalemated.}
9. axb5 axb5 10. c3 O-O 11. d4 exd4
{To open a square for the knight which is threatened by d4-d5.} 12. cxd4 Bg4
13. Nc3
{- White does not need to fear Bf3, because the opening of the g-line doesn't harm him.}
13... Nb4 $1
{Very well played: Black now threatens to break open the centre with c7-c5.}
14. Bf4 $1 Nd7 {Now c7-c5 threatens again.} 15. h3 $1 Bxf3 16. Qxf3 c5 17. Nd5
$1 Nxd5 {If 17... Nb4-c6?, then 18. Nd5xe7+ and Qf3-g3.} (17... Nc6 $2
18. Nxe7+ Qxe7 19. Qg3) 18. Bxd5 cxd4 19. Ra7 $1
{White now has a pawn fewer, but a very good game.} 19... Ne5 20. Qb3
{Perhaps an immediate Bf4xe5 would be better, with the continuation 20... d6xe5; 21. Qf3-h5, Qd8-d6; 22. Re1-c1, on which Rc1-c6 threatens.} (
20. Bxe5 dxe5 21. Qh5 Qd6 22. Rc1) 20... Bf6 21. Bxe5
{White must take the knight, because this threatens to go to c4.} 21... Bxe5
{It was better to take with the pawn, after which the game seems to be a draw.} (
21... dxe5) 22. g3 Qb6
{Instead of this, Qg5 (with the threat Qg5-d2 and possibly d4-d3) is worth consideration.} (
22... Qg5) 23. Rxf7 Kh8 24. Kg2 Rxf7 25. Bxf7 Qc5 26. f4 Bf6 27. Re2 $1
{White continuously finds the strongest attacking moves. The text move threatens, besides Re2-c2, also Qb3-d3, Bf7-b3-c2 and e4-e5, a completely new plan of attack which simultaneously ensures the satefy of his own king.}
27... Qc1 28. Qd3 $1 Qc7
{28... Rb8-a8 is followed by 29. e4-e5, Ra8-a1; 30. Re2-c2, and the white king goes to g4, where nothing can happen to him any more.} (
28... Ra8 29. e5 Ra1 30. Rc2) 29. Bb3 g6 30. Rc2 Qd7 $220 31. g4 $1
{Start of the final attack. The last part of the game takes shape exceptionally interestingly.}
31... Rf8 32. g5 Bg7 33. Kg3 {To enable h3-h4.} 33... Qa7 34. Rc1 $1
{The opposing queen wanted to go to a1.} 34... h6 {h3-h4-h5 is threatened.}
35. h4 $1 {White achieves nothing with 35. e4-e5, Kh8-h7; 36. Bb3-c2, Qa7-f7.} (
35. e5 Kh7 36. Bc2 Qf7) 35... h5 36. f5
{The beginning of the end. Some charming, piquant twists follow.} 36... gxf5
37. exf5 Re8 38. f6 $1 Bxf6
{After 38... Re8-e3+ the result of 39 Qd3xe3, d4xe3; 40. Rc2-c8+, Bg7-f8; 41. Rc8xf8+, Kh8-h7; Bb3-c2 mate is a mating position whose cleanness ought to please lovers of problems.} (
38... Re3+ 39. Qxe3 dxe3 40. Rc8+ Bf8 41. Rxf8+ Kh7 42. Bc2#) 39. gxf6 Qd7
40. Qg6 {Resigned.} 1-0
[Event "Match"]
[Site "Köln"]
[Date "1911.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Schlechter"]
[Black "Tarrasch, Dr."]
[Result "1-0"]
[ECO "C77"]
[Opening "Spanish game"]
[Variation "[Four knights variation]"]
[Annotator "Mieses, J."]
[Mode "OTB"]
1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 4. Ba4 Nf6 5. Nc3 Bb4 6. O-O O-O 7. d3 d6 8. Bg5
Bxc3 9. bxc3 Qe7 10. Re1 Nd8 11. Nd2
{- d3-d4 is now, when the bishop risks being blockaded by b7-b5 and c7-c5, less advisable than otherwise, when Bb5-f1[sic] can happen.}
11... Ne6 12. Bh4 Nf4 13. Nf1 h6 {Better were Nf4-g6 and h7-g5[sic].} (
13... Ng6) 14. Ne3 g5 $2
{Much too risky. From now on the black game will continually suffer from the weakness of the kingside.}
15. Bg3 Kh7 16. c4 c6 17. c3 b5 18. cxb5 axb5 19. Bb3 Be6 20. Qd2 Qa7 21. Rab1
Kh8 22. f3 Rg8
{The rook would better have moved directly to d8, in anticipation of d3-d4.} (
22... Rfd8) 23. Kh1 Qc7 24. d4 N6h5
{Not good either, but White has many threats at his command anyway, e.g. d4-d5.}
25. Bf2 Rac8 {So as to have the c-pawn under attack after d4-d5, c6xd5.}
26. Rbd1 (26. d5 cxd5) 26... Rgd8 27. Bxe6 fxe6 28. Ng4 Kg7 $220 29. Be3 $1
{Very strongly played. Against the now following attack, Black has no promising defence.}
29... Nf6 30. Nxf6 Kxf6 31. g3 Ng6 32. f4 exf4 33. gxf4 gxf4 34. Bxf4 Nxf4
35. Qxf4+ Kg7 {After Kf6-e7; Qf4-[sic]h6, Black is lost as well.} (35... Ke7
36. Qxh6) 36. Rg1+ Kh7 37. Qf6 $2
{Here White lets the elegant, immediately decisive continuation Rd1-d3 (with the threat Qf4xh6+) get away from him.} (
37. Rd3) 37... Rf8 {[The text gives this move as Te8-f8.]} 38. Qg6+ Kh8
39. Qxe6 Rce8 40. Qxh6+ Qh7 41. Qxd6 Qxe4+ 42. Rg2 Qe6 43. Qg3 Qh6 44. Rdg1 Re6
{Nothing can be done against White's formidable attacking position.} 45. Qg4
Ref6 46. Rg3 Qh7 47. d5 c5 48. Rh3 Rh6 49. Qe2 {Resigned.} 1-0
[Event "International Masters' Tournament"]
[Site "Karlsbad"]
[Date "1911.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Spielmann"]
[Black "Rubinstein"]
[Result "1-0"]
[ECO "C49"]
[Opening "Spanish game"]
[Variation "[in fact a Four Knights, Metger variation]"]
[Annotator "Mieses, J."]
[Mode "OTB"]
1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Nc3 Nf6 4. Bb5 Bb4 5. O-O O-O 6. d3 d6 7. Bg5 Bxc3
8. bxc3 Qe7 9. Re1 Nd8 10. d4 Ne6 11. Bc1 c6
{c7-c5 is also worth consideration. If then 12. d4xc5, d6xc5; 13. Nf3xe5, then 13... Ne6-c7!} (
11... c5 12. dxc5 dxc5 13. Nxe5 Nc7 $1) 12. Bf1 Rd8 13. g3 Qc7 14. Nh4 $146
{Up to this point the game has run in usual courses. The text move is a novelty.}
14... d5
{This surely quite plausible reply is the one White had counted on with his previous move. Now Spielmann, with a series of excellent moves, brings his opponent, who himself also plays the best moves, in decisive difficulty. Therefore, d6-d5 might well be the only mistake the second player made in this game.}
15. f4 exf4 16. e5 Ne4 17. gxf4 $220 f5 $1
{Black had nothing better. On 17... Nc3: White obtains a very strong attack with Qf3 and f4-f5.} (
17... Nxc3 18. Qf3) 18. exf6 $1 {Not Nf5: because of Ne6xf4.} (18. Nxf5 Nxf4)
18... Nxf6 19. f5 Nf8 20. Qf3 Qf7 21. Bd3 Bd7 22. Bf4 Re8 23. Be5 c5 $1 24. Kh1
$1
{White cannot take the pawn, because Black would then get a very good position with Bc6 and Nd7. Rubinstein defends himself very finely, but he fights for a lost cause. To prove this, though, it took a treatment of the attack as unsurpassable as Spielmann shows here.} (
24. dxc5 Bc6) 24... c4 25. Be2 Bc6 {Threatens Re5:} 26. Qf4 N8d7 27. Bf3 Re7
28. Re2 Rf8 29. Rg1 Qe8 30. Reg2 Rff7 31. Qh6 $1
{It has been done! Black has no move against the threat Be5-d6 except the now following, and that also leads to a loss.}
31... Kf8 32. Ng6+ $1 hxg6 33. Qh8+ Ng8 34. Bd6 $1 Qd8
{On 34... Rf6 or Rf5: White wins with Rg6:} (34... Rf6 35. Rxg6) 35. Rxg6 Nf6
36. Rxf6 Rxf6 37. Rxg7 {Black resigns. A classically beautiful game.} 1-0
[Event "International Masters' Tournament"]
[Site "Karlsbad"]
[Date "1911.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Duras"]
[Black "Cohn, Erich"]
[Result "1-0"]
[ECO "C77"]
[Opening "Spanish game"]
[Variation "[Anderssen attack, Duras variation]"]
[Annotator "Mieses, J."]
[Mode "OTB"]
1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 4. Ba4 Nf6 5. d3 d6 6. c4 g6
{With the aid of the bishop on g7, Black wants to get a decisive influence on the centre, particularly on the square d4. This system, however, has its drawbacks, as the progress of this game shows. The best gameplan perhaps consists of 6... Bf8-e7; 7. h2-h3, 0-0; 8. Bc1-e3, Nf6-h5; 9. Nb1-c3, f7-f5!} (
6... Be7 7. h3 O-O 8. Be3 Nh5 9. Nc3 f5 $1) 7. d4 exd4 8. Nxd4 Bd7 9. Nxc6 bxc6
{9... Bd7xc6; 10. Ba4xc6, b7xc6; 11. 0-0, Nf6-d7 was preferable here.} (
9... Bxc6 10. Bxc6+ bxc6 11. O-O Nd7) 10. O-O Bg7 11. c5 $1
{An excellent idea! Through this pseudo-sacrifice (after dc all pawns on the black queenside would be worthless), White rids himself of the annoying blockade c4, hampers his opponent's development, and above all counters the intended position of c5 and Nf6-f6-f8-e6-d4.To this is added the weakening of d6 and the opening of the c-line.
Remarkable, that a so simple, strong move had up to then escaped everyone!}
11... O-O (11... dxc5) 12. Nc3 Qe7 {Also worth consideration is 12... d6-d5.} (
12... d5) 13. cxd6 cxd6 14. f3 d5 $1 15. Re1 d4
{The advance of this pawn, as good as it may seem at first sight, might well be the source of the later difficulties. It would have been better first to solidify the unstable position in the centre with Bd7-e6 and then to proceed with Ra8-d8 and Qe7-c7.} (
15... Be6) 16. Ne2 c5 17. Nf4 Be6 18. b3 Rfd8
{Black has to remove queen and rook from the firing line a3-f8 as quickly as possible, and at the same time take care of the pawn on c5. As one can see, the black pawns are already starting to "hang".}
19. Nd3 Bd7 20. Bxd7 Nxd7 21. Ba3 Rac8 22. Rc1 Bf8 23. Qd2 Qh4
{Introduction of a combination, to bring the problem child on c5 past the guardian on b3 to c3 and so create two connected passed pawns. But now d4 becomes weak, and Black has to defend himself "attackingly".}
24. g3 Qh5 25. Kg2 c4 26. Nf4 Qe5 27. Bxf8 c3 28. Qd3 Nxf8 29. Nd5
{With the strong threat f3-f4. Apart from that, though, Black also has to do something for the pawn on d4, since Re1-d1 threatens, on which Nf8-e6 doesn't work because of quality loss through Nd5-e7+. Therefore, Black decides on an immediate quality sacrifice, which gains him a pawn and attacking chances.}
29... Rxd5 30. exd5 Qxd5 31. Red1 Ne6 $1
{Protects both black pawns, since 32. Rc1xc3, Rc8xc3; 33. Qd3xc3, d4xc3; 34. Rd1xd5 is followed by c3-c2, and Black wins.}
32. Qxa6 (32. Rxc3 Rxc3 33. Qxc3 dxc3 34. Rxd5 c2) 32... Ra8 33. Qe2 d3 $1
{The only continuation of the attack which promises success. Hereafter White always has just one move to hold the game, but - that is enough!
34. Qe2xd3 would be bad: 34... Ra8xa2+; 35. Kg2-h1, Qe5-h5; 36. h3[sic]-h4, Ne6-d4!; 37. Rd1-f1, Nd4-f5 etc.}
34. Rxd3 (34. Qxd3 Rxa2+ 35. Kh1 Qh5 36. h4 Nd4 $1 37. Rf1 Nf5) 34... Qg5
35. Qe3 Rxa2+ 36. Kg1 Qh5 37. h4 Qf5 38. Rdxc3 $1
{The best. Now White very beautifully combines defence and counter-attack. After 38. g3-g4, Qf5-f4; 39. Qe3xf4, Ne6xf4 Black would stand well.} (
38. g4 Qf4 39. Qxf4 Nxf4) 38... Qh3 39. Rc8+ Kg7
{Imprudence! 39... Ne6-f8 had to happen. After 40...[sic] Rc8-c2, Qh3xg3+; 41. Kg1-f1, Qg3-h3+ Black could hardly lose.} (
39... Nf8 40. R8c2 Qxg3+ 41. Kf1 Qh3+) 40. Qe5+ f6
{No better is 40... Kg7-h6, to which Black [sic - this is getting out of hand] answers Rc8-c2.} (
40... Kh6 41. R8c2) 41. R1c7+ Kh6 {41... Ne6xc7 leads to mate in a few moves.} (
41... Nxc7) 42. Qe3+ g5 43. hxg5+ Nxg5 $220
{Black overlooks the now following, hidden ending combination. 43... f6xg5; 44. Qe3xe6+, Qh3xe6; 45. Rc7-c6, Qe6xc6; 46. Rc8xc6+, Kh60g7 with weak drawing chances would be the best at this point. The problem composer Duras now finds the beautiful solution of this study-like position.} (
43... fxg5 44. Qxe6+ Qxe6 45. Rc6 Qxc6 46. Rxc6+ Kg7) 44. Rxh7+ $3 Kxh7
45. Qe7+ Kg6 46. Rg8+ Kf5 47. Rxg5+ $1
{Resigned. After 47... Kf5xg5; 48. Qe7-g7+ the loss of the queen is unavoidable.}
1-0
[Event "International Masters' Tournament"]
[Site "Karlsbad"]
[Date "1911.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Alekhine"]
[Black "Teichmann"]
[Result "0-1"]
[ECO "C77"]
[Opening "Spanish game"]
[Variation "[Spanish centre gambit]"]
[Annotator "Mieses, J."]
[Mode "OTB"]
1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 4. Ba4 Nf6 5. d4
{This line is uncommon nowadays; it only leads to a completely equal game.}
5... exd4 6. O-O Be7 7. e5 Ne4 8. Nxd4 O-O
{A direct 8... Ne4-c5, to exchange off the white king's bishop, would be very dangerous because of Nd4-f5.} (
8... Nc5 9. Nf5) 9. c4 $146
{An interesting new idea, which however is refuted in this game. On 9. c2-c3, which has been tried before, 9... Ne4-c5; 10. Bb3[sic]-c2, Nc6xe5 must not be played, since White gets too much attack with 11. Qd1-h5, Ne5-g6; 12. f2-f4, but simply 9... Nc6xe5, and if now 10. Rf1-e1, then 10... d7-d5; 11. f2-f3, c7-c5; 12. Nd4-c2, b7-b5 and c5-c4 with recapture of the piece.On 9. c2-c4, though, the first variation given is, remarkably, decisive.} (
9. c3 Nc5 (9... Nxe5 10. Re1 d5 11. f3 c5 12. Nc2 b5 13. Bb3 c4) 10. Bc2 Nxe5
11. Qh5 Ng6 12. f4) 9... Nc5 10. Bc2 Nxe5
{If Black does not take the pawn now, White gets an overwhelming attack.}
11. Qh5
{Ostensibly it would be better to recapture the pawn with 11. Bc2xh7+ and Qd1-h5+; however, Black would then have at least an equal game.} (
11. Bxh7+ Kxh7 12. Qh5+) 11... Ng6 12. f4 d6 13. f5 $220 Bf6
{The rescuing move. After Ng6-e5, f5-f6 would obviously win. White has lost the pawn without compensation, but in the following still plays very spiritedly and tenaciously, so that it gets very hard for Black to make use of his advantage.} (
13... Ne5 14. f6) 14. Be3 Ne5 15. Nd2 Re8 16. Kh1 Ned3 17. Ne6
{A spirited attempt to refresh the attack.} 17... Bxe6
{Here, fe would also be quite possible; the text move appears to be the simplest, though, since Black wins a second pawn with a secure game.} (
17... fxe6) 18. fxe6 Rxe6 19. Bxc5 g6
{After an immediate d4[sic]xc5, Qh5-f5 would be uncomfortable.} (19... dxc5
20. Qf5) 20. Qf3 Nxc5 21. Rad1 c6 22. b4 Nd7 23. Ne4 Qe7 24. Qf4 Be5 25. Qh6
Bg7 26. Qf4 Ne5 27. Bb3 Rf8 28. Rfe1 Re8 29. Rf1 h6 30. h3 Kh8 31. g4 Nxc4
{The position is still hard to win for the second player, and he therefore decides, probably wrongly, to simplify it and to try and take the endgame to a victory despite the remaining unequal bishops.}
32. Nxd6 $1 Rxd6
{After 32... Nc4xd6, the qualitty would of course be lost through 33. Bb3xe6 and Rd1xd6.} (
32... Nxd6 33. Bxe6) 33. Qxc4 Rxd1 34. Rxd1 Qe3 35. Kg2 Qe2+ 36. Qxe2 Rxe2+
37. Kf3 Re7 38. Rd8+ Kh7 39. Rd3 Bb2 40. Bc4 Kg7 41. a4 Rc7
{Black's main chance of victory rests on the white b-pawn being fixed on a black square.}
42. Ke4 b5 43. axb5
{With that the game is lost very quickly; much better were Bc4-b3, after which Black would still have had great difficulties.} (
43. Bb3) 43... cxb5 44. Bd5 Bc3 45. Bb7
{Otherwise, Black gets two passed pawns on the queen's wing; but the now resulting rook endgame is easily won.}
45... Rxb7 46. Rxc3 Rd7 47. Ke5 Rd1 48. Rf3 Rc1 49. Kd6 Rc2 50. Kd5 Rc4 51. Ke5
Rc1 52. Kd5 Rc2
{White resigned the hopeless game here. Victory is enforcable most simply for Black through 53. Kd5-e5, Rc2-c1; 54. Ke5-d5, Rc1-c4; 55. Rf3-b3, Kg7-f6; 56. Rb3-f3+, Kf6-g5; 57. Rf3xf7, Rc4xb4; 58. Rf7-a7, Rb4-b3 etc.}
0-1
[Event "International Master's Tournament"]
[Site "San Sebastian"]
[Date "1912.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Schlechter"]
[Black "Leonhardt"]
[Result "1/2-1/2"]
[ECO "C77"]
[Opening "Spanish game"]
[Variation "[Anderssen attack]"]
[Annotator "Mieses, J."]
[Mode "OTB"]
1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 4. Ba4 Nf6 5. d3 d6 6. c3 g6 7. Nbd2 Bg7 8. Nf1
O-O 9. Qe2 b5 10. Bc2 {White's game plan is generally not recommendable.}
10... d5 11. Bg5 d4 $1 12. Ng3 h6
{This move seems unnecessary. Directly Re8 or Qd6 was commendable.} 13. Bd2 Qe7
{Here, too, Qd6 was preferable, so as to always be able to take on d4 with a piece, at which the pawn on d3 would remain backwards on an open line. Apart from that the now forced move 15... e5xd4 has the effect that White gets a pawn majority and with it attacking chances. Nevertheless Black is then significantly dominant on the queenside.} (
13... Qd6) 14. cxd4 Nxd4 15. Nxd4 exd4 16. O-O c5 17. h3
{A direct f2-f4 is followed by Nf6-g4!} (17. f4 Ng4 $1) 17... Bb7 18. f4 Rac8
19. Rae1 c4 20. e5 Nd7 21. f5
{A fine pawn sacrifice, which leads to a very strong attack.} 21... Qxe5
22. Qg4 Qd5
{The queen is very strong here (because of the mating threat on g2), but on the other hand very insecurely (Bb3 and Nf6+ may eventually threaten). It is doubtful, however, whether another queen move would have been better.}
23. Ne4 Ne5 24. Qg3 cxd3 25. Bb3 Nc4 26. Bxh6 Rce8
{The black position now becomes exceedingly endangered.} 27. Bxg7 Kxg7 28. Qh4
{A very fine move, which should have won the game. The threat, of course, is f6+ followed by Qh6. To 28. Nf6, Black would answer 28... Re3.} (
28. Nf6 Re3) 28... f6 {Black doesn't have anything better.} 29. fxg6 Kxg6 $220
{Even this apparently extraordinarily dangerous move is forced.} 30. Rxf6+
{This looks scary enough, but seems in fact to give away the victory, which could have been enforced with 30. Rf1-f4! 30... Re8-e5, then 31. Rf4xf6+, Rf8xf6; 32. Qh4xf6+, Kg6-h7; 33. Ne4-g5+, Kh7-g8 (Re5xg5? 34. Re1-e7+ and mate); 34. Qf6-g6+, Kg8-f8; 35. Re1-f1+, Kf8-e7; 36. Rf1-f7+, Ke7-d8; 37. Qg6-f6+, Kd8-c8; 38. Qf6-h8+, Qd5-d8; 39. Rf7-f8 and white wins. After the other viable defences, like Re8xe4 or Qd5-h5, Black seems to be lost as well.} (
30. Rf4 $1 Re5 (30... Rxe4) (30... Qh5) 31. Rxf6+ Rxf6 32. Qxf6+ Kh7 33. Ng5+
Kg8 (33... Rxg5 34. Re7+) 34. Qg6+ Kf8 35. Rf1+ Ke7 36. Rf7+ Kd8 37. Qf6+ Kc8
38. Qh8+ Qd8 39. Rf8 $18) 30... Rxf6 31. Qxf6+ Kh7 32. Qh4+
{It is evident that Black has to sacrifice the queen on Ne4-g5+; but after 32... Qd5xg5; 33. Qh4xg5, Re8-e2, no win can be seen either, since the attack on g2 and the strong d-pawn occupy White too much.} (
32. Ng5+ Qxg5 33. Qxg5 Re2) 32... Kg7 33. Qg3+ Kh8 34. Qh4+ Kg7 35. Qf6+ Kh7
{Draw.} 1/2-1/2
[Event "International Masters' Tournament"]
[Site "San Sebastian"]
[Date "1911.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Schlechter"]
[Black "Duras"]
[Result "1-0"]
[ECO "C49"]
[Opening "Four knights game"]
[Variation "[Pillsbury]"]
[Annotator "Mieses, J."]
[Mode "OTB"]
1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Nc3 Nf6 4. Bb5 Bb4 5. O-O O-O 6. d3 d6 7. Bg5 Ne7
8. Nh4 c6 9. Bc4 Ne8 $220 10. f4
{That looks like an error, since Black now wins a piece, but is in fact a deeply calculated sacrificial combination.}
10... Bxc3 11. bxc3 d5 12. Bb3 f6 13. fxe5 fxg5 14. Rxf8+ Kxf8 15. Qf3+ Kg8
16. Rf1 Nc7 $1 17. Qf7+ Kh8 18. exd5 $220
{18. Df7-f8+ came into consideration, because Black had a good reply to the text move.} (
18. Qf8+) 18... cxd5
{If Schlechter's combination can be refuted at all, it is at this point, and that through 18... Bc8-e6. With the play chosen by Duras, the black game does not seem to be tenable.} (
18... Be6) 19. Qf8+ Qxf8 20. Rxf8+ Ng8 21. Nf3 Be6 {If h7-h6, then 22. Nf3-d4!} (
21... h6 22. Nd4 $1) 22. Rxa8 Nxa8 23. Nxg5 Nc7 24. Nxe6 Nxe6 25. Bxd5 Nd8
26. d4 Ne7 27. Bb3 Nec6 28. Kf2 Na5 29. e6 Nac6 30. d5 Ne7 31. d6 Ndc6 32. dxe7
Nxe7 33. Kf3 Kg8 34. Ke4 Kf8 35. Ke5 Ke8 36. Bd5 b6 37. Be4 h6 38. Kd6 Kd8
39. Bd3 h5 40. h4 b5 41. Bxb5 Nf5+ 42. Ke5 Nxh4 43. Bd3
{Black resigns. After 43... Kd8-e7, to prevent the penetration by the white king, 44. Bd3-e4 with the threat g2-g3 is decisive.}
1-0
[Event "International Masters' Tournament"]
[Site "San Sebastian"]
[Date "1912.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Nimzowitsch"]
[Black "Perlis, Dr."]
[Result "0-1"]
[ECO "C48"]
[Opening "Four knights game"]
[Variation "[Rubinstein]"]
[Annotator "Mieses, J."]
[Mode "OTB"]
1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Nc3 Nf6 4. Bb5 Nd4
{This move, which had already been tried a number of times in the 1906 tournament at Oostende, seems to be playable; at least a clear refutation is not yet known.}
5. Ba4 {On Nf3xe5, amongst others Qd8-e7 could follow.} (5. Nxe5 Qe7)
5... Nxf3+
{Here one can also play for attack through Bc5 with a pawn sacrifice.} 6. Qxf3
Be7
{If Black does not want to sacrifice the pawn, he has to play c6 and d6, but then keeps a cramped game, since Qg3 attacks the pawn on g7.}
7. Qg3 O-O 8. Qxe5 Re8 9. Qf4
{That does indeed seem to be the only way forward for White.} 9... Bb4 10. f3
$220
{On e4-e5 Black would win back the pawn with Qd8-e7, with an approximately equal game.} (
10. e5 Qe7) 10... b5
{With this second pawn sacrifice Black initiates a spirited attack.} 11. Bxb5
c6 12. Ba4 {Bb5-e2 is answered with d7-d5 with the threat Nf6--h5.} (12. Be2 d5)
12... Qa5 13. Bb3 Ba6 14. Nd1 $2
{An erroneous move, which loses the game immediately. White is in a rather difficult situation anyway. The best defence would be 14. a2-a3, to reply to 14... d7-d5 with 15. a3xb4, Qa5xa1; 16. d2-d3, after which White gets two pawns for the quality with a more or less equal game. Instead of 14... d7-d5, however, 14... Bb4xc3 would be worth considering for Black, with the intent of answering d2xc3 with c7[sic]-c5 and possibly c5-c4, with which Black would obtain good attacking chances.} (
14. a3 d5 (14... Bxc3 15. dxc3 c5) 15. axb4 Qxa1 16. d3) 14... d5 15. Nf2 dxe4
16. fxe4 {On Nf2xe4, Black would win a piece with Nf6-d5 and a later f7-f5.} (
16. Nxe4 Nd5) 16... Bc5 {Decisive.} 17. c3 Bxf2+ 18. Qxf2 Rxe4+ 19. Kd1 Bd3
20. Qf3 {The threat, of course, was Qa5-h5+.} 20... Be2+ 21. Qxe2 Rxe2 22. Kxe2
Qh5+ 23. Kf2 Qf5+ 24. Ke2 Re8+ 25. Kd1 Ne4
{White resigns. A game, handled by Dr. Perlis in the best attacking style. Unfortunately Dr. Perlis met with a fatal mountaineering accident in September 1913. The chess world loses in him an excellent Master of the spirited, lively game type.}
0-1
[Event "Correspondence game"]
[Site "Riga:Berlin"]
[Date "1906.10.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Riga"]
[Black "Berlin"]
[Result "1-0"]
[ECO "C49"]
[Opening "Four knights game"]
[Variation "[Maroczy]"]
[Annotator "The extensive and thorough remarks on the game stem from the Riga game committee."]
[Mode "PM"]
1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Nc3 Nf6 4. Bb5 Bb4 5. O-O O-O 6. d3 d6
{Often, Bb4xc3 with a consecutive f7-f6 is also played here.} 7. Ne2 Ne7 8. c3
Ba5 9. Ng3 c6 10. Ba4 Bb6
{Whether the bishop provides a better service here or on c7, may remain an open question. In any case either move determines the character of the entire game. In the general outline of play, Bc7 seems more natural to us.}
11. Bc2
{This is meant to prepare d3-d4, with which White intends to create for himself a strong, not easily destructible pawn centre.}
11... Ng6 12. d4 Bg4 $220 13. Qd3
{Of the viable continuations Qd1-b3[sic], h2-h3 and Kg1-h1, the text move does seem to ensure the best chances.}
13... Nh5
{The question whether this knight move, which brings the well-posted bishop on g4 into a temporary dead end, already contains the seeds of Black's ultimate loss, may be said to be hard to answer in this complicated position and the plethora of possibilities that spring from it. After 13... Bg4xf3; 14. g2xf3 White does not stand unfavourably, as after Ng6-f4; 15. Bc1xf4, e5xf4; 16. Ng3-e2, Nf6-h5; 17. Kg1-h1 and 18. Rf1-g1 he would obtain some attack with a solid position of his own. Very interesting and for the first player agreeable variations could have occured, though, if Berlin had moved 13... Ng6-f4 instead of the text move, e.g.: 14. Bc1xf4, e5xf4; 15. e4-e5! If now d6xe5, then 16. Nf3xe5, f4xg3; 17. Ne5xg4; on 15... f4xg3, e5xf6 is equally favourable for White.} (
13... Bxf3 14. gxf3 Nf4 15. Bxf4 exf4 16. Ne2 Nh5 17. Kh1) (13... Nf4 14. Bxf4
exf4 15. e5 $1 dxe5 (15... fxg3 16. exf6) 16. Nxe5 fxg3 17. Nxg4) 14. Nxh5 Bxh5
15. Bg5 Qc7 16. Nd2
{The position of the black bishop on h5 becomes questionable after this.}
16... h6 17. Be3 Rae8
{Greatly worth considering here was Qc7-e7, namely to ensure for the bishop on b6 (after Nd2-e4) the option of retreating to c7. With the text move Black already plans the bishop sacrifice which follows only on move 19.} (
17... Qe7 18. Nc4 Bc7) 18. f3
{White now threatens g2-g4. Natural replies for Black appear to be both knight moves Ng6-f4 and Ng6-e7. After Ng6-f4 could follow: 19. Be3xf4, e5xf4; 20. Nd4-c4, Bh5-g6 (f7-f5 leads to nothing; if, however, d6-d5, then 21. e4xd5, Bh5-g6; 22. Qd3-d3, c6xd5; 23. Nc4xb6; a7xb6 or Qc7xb6; Bc2-b3 with a better game for White); 21. Qd3-d2, f7-f5; 22. Qd2xf4, f5xe4; 23. Qf4xd6, which wins a pawn. After 18... Ng6-e7; 19. Nd2-c4, Bh5-g6; 20. Nc4xb6, a7xb6 White would have two bishops and a somewhat better game. Considering the previous, Black grabs the welcome opportunity to obtain, through the sacrifice of a bishop, an attack as strong as it is enduring. When this, in the end, proves not to be decisive, White has only to thank the move 21. Qd3-c3, which only just saves him and turns the game to his favour, and whose consequences Black perhaps did not sufficiently appreciate.}
18... d5 (18... Nf4 19. Bxf4 exf4 20. Nc4 Bg6 (20... f5 {...leads to nothing.}) (
20... d5 21. exd5 Bg6 22. Qd2 cxd5 23. Nxb6 axb6 (23... Qxb6 24. Bb3 $16)
24. Bb3 $16) 21. Qd2 f5 22. Qxf4 fxe4 23. Qxd6) (18... Ne7 19. Nc4 Bg6 20. Nxb6
axb6 $14) 19. g4 $220
{[The diagram at this move has white pawns on both g4 and g2.]} 19... exd4 $1
{Or 19... c6-c5; 20. e4xd5, e5xd4; 21. Nd2-c4!, d4xe3; 22. g4xh5 etc. If 21... Re8xe3, then Nc4xe3, d4xe3; 23. c3-c4 and g4xh5.} (
19... c5 20. exd5 exd4 21. Nc4 $1 dxe3 (21... Rxe3 22. Nxe3 dxe3 23. c4)
22. gxh5) 20. cxd4 c5 $1 21. Qc3 $1
{With this, White finds the only correct defence. To demonstrate the vehemence of the black attack, amongst others the following variations may be supplied: I. 21. e4xd5, Re8-e3!; 22. Qd3xe3, c5xd4; 23. Qe3-d3, Qc7xc2; 24. Qd3xc2, d4-d3+; Kg1-h1, d3xc2; 26. g4xh5, Ng6-f4. The pawn on c2 is so strong, that White has to return the quality just to block it (not to capture it), at which he retains the worse position; - II. 21. g4xh5, c5xd4; 22. Be3-f2!, Ng6-f4; 23. Bf2-g3!, Qc7-[sic]c2; 24. Qd3xc2, d4-d3+; 25. Kg1-h1, d3xc2; 26. Bg3xf4, d5-d4!, and Black's connected passed pawns amply outweigh the piece and even the rook, which White could capture with Bf4-d6. The position is highly interesting; - III. 21. d4xc5, Bb6xc5; 22. Be3xc5 (22. g4xh5?, Ng6-f4), Qc7xc5+; 23. Kg1-h1, Ng6-f4 and Bh5-g6. Only the most instructive variations have been chosen here. To account for all the other subtleties which lay hidden in the position would go much too far.} (
21. exd5 Rxe3 $1 22. Qxe3 cxd4 23. Qd3 Qxc2 24. Qxc2 d3+ 25. Kh1 dxc2 26. gxh5
Nf4) (21. gxh5 cxd4 22. Bf2 $1 Nf4 23. Bg3 $1 Qxc2 24. Qxc2 d3+ 25. Kh1 dxc2
26. Bxf4 d4 27. Bd6) (21. dxc5 Bxc5 22. Bxc5 (22. gxh5 $2 Nf4) 22... Qxc5+
23. Kh1 Nf4) 21... Nf4
{Probably the best. 21... c5xd4; 22. Qc2xc7, Bb6xc7; 23. Be3xd4, Ng6-f4; 24. Bd4-c5 clearly favours White.} (
21... cxd4 22. Qxc7 Bxc7 23. Bxd4 Nf4 24. Bc5) 22. Bxf4 Qxf4 23. gxh5
{Only now can White accept the sacrifice. He still has to exercise caution, though, to make use of his advantage.}
23... cxd4 {After Re8-c8, only Kg1-h1! would suffice.} (23... Rc8 $1 24. Kh1)
24. Qd3 Re5 25. Rae1 Rxh5 26. Re2 {Of course not Rf1-f2, because of Rh5xh2!} (
26. Rf2 Rxh2 $1) 26... Re8 27. Rff2 Rhe5 $1 $220
{The final rocket in Black's fireworks show.} 28. Kf1 $1
{If White plays the reasonable-looking move 28. e4xd5 here, the game, after Re5xe2; 29. Qd3-h7+, Kf8-f8[sic]; 30. Qh7-h8+, Kf8-e7; 31. Rf3xe2+ and the insidious queen sacrifice Qf4-e3!, is at most a draw for White. Very cute!} (
28. exd5 Rxe2 29. Qh7+ Kf8 30. Qh8+ Ke7 31. Rxe2+ Qe3+ $1) 28... Qh4
{Other moves, like e4xd5[sic], cannot stop the decay, either.} (28... dxe4)
29. f4 dxe4 30. Nxe4
{At last the knight which had been nailed to d2 comes back into the game. It is so mobile there and then, though, that through its intervention the game is immediately decided.}
30... R5e6 31. Nd6 {Black resigned.} 1-0
[Event "International Masters' Tournament"]
[Site "Petersburg"]
[Date "1909.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Teichmann"]
[Black "Bernstein, Dr."]
[Result "1-0"]
[ECO "C62"]
[Opening "Four knight game"]
[Variation "[transposing into a Ruy Lopez, old Steinitz variation]"]
[Annotator "Mieses, J."]
[Mode "OTB"]
1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Nc3 Nf6 4. Bb5 d6 5. d4 Bd7 6. O-O Be7 7. Re1 exd4
8. Nxd4 O-O 9. Bxc6 bxc6 10. b3 Re8 11. Bb2 Bf8 12. Qd3 g6 13. Rad1 Bg7 14. f3
$1
{This move is good and solid. Its aim is to prevent Nf6-g4 and to protect the square e4. More enterprising would have been f2-f4, however.} (
14. f4) 14... Qb8 15. Bc1 Qb6
{In his remarks on this game, Lasker recommends 15... a7-a5 here, to bring the queen's rook into play. a5-a4 followed by c6-c5 then threatens. After 16. a2-a4, c6-c5; 17. Nd4-b5, Bd7-c6 Black then has a rather satisfactory game.} (
15... a5 16. a4 c5 17. Ndb5 Bc6) 16. Na4 Qb7 17. Nb2 c5 18. Ne2 Bb5 19. c4 Bc6
20. Nc3 Nd7 21. Be3 Nb6 22. Rb1 a5 23. Bf2 a4
{Black should as yet put off this move, and instead first play Qb7-c8, so that he might also operate on the kingsize.} (
23... Qc8) 24. Nbxa4 Nxa4 25. bxa4 Qa6 26. Re2 Bxa4 27. Nd5 Ra7 28. Bh4 Bd4+
29. Kh1 Kg7 $220 30. Bf2 $1
{White has achieved his strategic goal to exchange off the bishop on g7 which protects the diagonal. He now occupies the diagonal with his queen and puts pressure on square f6 with all pieces. The game is, as Lasker very rightly highlights, educational in its strategic game plan.}
30... Bxf2 31. Rxf2 Qa5 32. Qe2 f6 33. Qb2 Rf8 34. g4 h6 35. h4 g5 36. f4 gxh4
37. Nxf6 Rf7 38. g5 Bc6 39. Rg1 Qa3 40. gxh6+ Kxh6 41. Rh2 Bxe4+ 42. Nxe4 Qf3+
43. Qg2 Qxg2+ 44. Rhxg2 Rxf4 45. Rg6+ Kh7 46. Nf6+ Rxf6 47. Rxf6 {Resigned.}
1-0
[Event "International Tournament"]
[Site "San Sebastian"]
[Date "1911.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Nimzowitsch"]
[Black "Leonhardt"]
[Result "1-0"]
[ECO "C49"]
[Opening "Four knights game"]
[Variation "[Nimzovich]"]
[Annotator "Mieses, J."]
[Mode "OTB"]
1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Nc3 Nf6 4. Bb5 Bb4 5. O-O O-O 6. Bxc6 dxc6
{Better is b7xc6 and then d7-d6.} 7. d3 Bg4 8. h3 Bh5 9. Bg5
{If 9. g2-g4?, then Nf6-g4 with strong attack.} (9. g4 $2 Nxg4) 9... Qd6
10. Bxf6 Qxf6 11. g4 Bg6 12. Kg2 Rad8 13. Qe2 Bxc3 14. bxc3 c5
{Black intends c5-c4.} 15. Nd2 Qe7 16. Nc4 $1 b6 17. Ne3 f6 18. Rg1 Qd7 19. Kh2
Kh8 20. Rg3 Qb5
{The aim of the second player is to provoke c3-c4, to entrench himself with the queen on d4.}
21. Qe1 Qa4 22. Qc1 Rd7 23. h4 Bf7 24. c4 Be6 25. Qb2 a5 26. Rag1 Qc6 $220
{As one sees, Black has now succeeded in his plan to bring the queen to g4[sic], but Nimzowitsch counts on precisely that, and with his next move he lures his opponent into a very sophisticated trap.}
27. R1g2 $1 Qd6 28. Qc1 $1 Qd4 $2 29. Nd5 $1
{Now the loss of the queen threatens, with c2-c3.} 29... Rxd5 30. c3 $1
{Much stronger than e4xd5, after which Black would retain large drawing chances.} (
30. exd5 $6) 30... Qxd3 31. exd5 Qxc4 32. dxe6 Qxe6 33. Qc2 c4 34. Qf5 Qxf5
35. gxf5 Rf7 36. Rg4 b5 37. a4 c6 38. Rg1 h5 39. Re4 Rd7 40. Ra1 Rd3 41. axb5
cxb5 42. Rxa5 Rxc3 43. Rxb5 Rf3 44. Kg2 Rxf5 45. Rxc4 Kh7 46. f4 Kg6 47. fxe5
fxe5 48. Rcc5 {Resigned.} 1-0
[Event "International Tournament"]
[Site "Breslau"]
[Date "1912.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Mieses"]
[Black "Rubinstein"]
[Result "1/2-1/2"]
[ECO "C24"]
[Opening "Bishop's opening"]
[Variation "[Urusov gambit]"]
[Annotator "Mieses, J."]
[Mode "OTB"]
1. e4 e5 2. Bc4 Nf6 3. d4 exd4 4. Nf3 Nxe4
{White sacrifices a pawn in the interest of a speedy development of his pieces and for purposes of attack.}
5. Qxd4 Nf6 6. Bg5 Be7 7. Nc3 Nc6 8. Qh4 d6 9. O-O-O Be6 10. Bd3
{Rhe1 is a strong continuation, too; the text move prevents the opponent's castling.}
10... Qd7 11. Bb5
{To prevent Black's planned queenside castling; the threat is Nf3-e5.}
11... O-O 12. Nd4 a6 13. Bd3 Ne5 14. f4 Nxd3+ 15. Rxd3 c5 $1
{Well played. Attack and defence are equally hard to manage.} 16. Rg3 $1 Kh8 $1
17. Nf3
{After 17. Nd4xe6, f7xe6; 18. Rg3-h3, Rf8-f7; 19. Bg5xf6, g7xf6 the attack would have been deflected.} (
17. Nxe6 fxe6 18. Rh3 Rf7 19. Bxf6 gxf6) 17... Ng8 18. Bxe7 Qxe7 19. Ng5 Nh6
{Perhaps h7-h6 would be the best. Not recommendable, on the other hand, is 19... Be6-f5, due to 20. Rg3-h3 (threatens mate in two moves) and Rh1-e1.} (
19... h6) (19... Bf5 $6 20. Rh3) 20. Re1 Qd7 21. Rge3 Rfe8 22. Nce4 Bf5 $220
23. Nf6 $1 {A sacrifice which leads to a piquant ending.} 23... gxf6 24. Qxh6
Bg6 $1
{Not 24... f6xg5? because of 25. Qh6-f6+, Kh8-g8; 26. Re3-e7! and White wins.} (
24... fxg5 $2 25. Qf6+ Kg8 26. Re7 $18) 25. Nxh7 $1 Bxh7 26. Rg3 $1 Rxe1+
27. Kd2 Re2+ 28. Kd1 Re1+
{and (due to the mate threatening through Qh6-g7 and Qh6xf6) Black gets a draw through perpetual check. White cannot take the rook, because if he does, Qd7-e6+ and Ra8-g8 happen.}
1/2-1/2
[Event "Tournament"]
[Site "Abbazia"]
[Date "1912.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Spielmann"]
[Black "Réti"]
[Result "1-0"]
[ECO "C34"]
[Opening "Knight's gambit"]
[Variation "[Schallop]"]
[Annotator "Mieses, J."]
[Mode "OTB"]
1. e4 e5 2. f4 exf4 3. Nf3 Nf6 $1
{Probably the best way to handle the gambit.} 4. Nc3 d5 $1 5. e5 Ne4
{5... Nf6-h5 and g7-g5, to make use of the pawn superiority on the kingside, would be a good plan as well.} (
5... Nh5) 6. Be2 Nc6 $2
{Played weakly and without plan. After 6... Bf8-b4; 7. 0-0, 0-0; 8. Qd1-e1, Nb8-c6; 9. d2-d3, Bb4-c5+; 10. Kg1-h1, Ne4xc3; 11. Qe1xc3, Bc5-b4; 12. Qc3-b3, d5-d4 Black has the better position.} (
6... Bb4 7. O-O O-O 8. Qe1 Nc6 9. d3 Bc5+ 10. Kh1 Nxc3 11. Qxc3 Bb4 12. Qb3 d4
$17) 7. d3 Nxc3 8. bxc3 g5
{Now the attack is taken up, but with insufficient means! With 8... Be7; 9. 0-0, 0-0; 10. Bf4:, f6 Black could still attain a tolerable position.} (
8... Be7 9. O-O O-O 10. Bxf4 f6) 9. O-O Rg8 10. d4 g4 11. Ne1 f3 12. Bd3 Qh4
13. Bf4 fxg2 14. Nxg2 Qh5 15. Rb1 $1 Nd8 16. c4 Be6 17. Ne3 dxc4 18. Be4 $1
{With his last four moves, White has secured for himself complete positional domination; already he has several ways to victory.}
18... c6 19. d5
{The consistent continuation, which, however, allows the opponent a shade of defence with the now following piece sacrifice. The game cuold be won quite simply with 19. Rb1xb7, Nd8xb7; 20. Be4xc6+, Be6-d7; 21. Bc6xb7, Ra8-b8; 22. Bb7-e4. The black position is completely ruined and cannot be defended against the many threats (e5-e6, Ne3-d5, etc.).} (
19. Rxb7 Nxb7 20. Bxc6+ Bd7 21. Bxb7 Rb8 22. Be4) 19... Bc5 $1
{A spirited rescue attempt, which fails on a trifle only.} 20. Kh1
{Wise caution.} 20... Bxe3 21. dxe6 Nxe6 22. Bxe3 Qxe5 23. Bxh7 Rh8 $220 (
23... Rd8 24. Qe2 Rh8 25. Bf5 Nd4 26. Bxd4 Qxe2 27. Bxh8) 24. Rxf7 $1
{An elegant move, which decides immediately. After 24... Ke8xf7, 25. Qd1-d7+ follows with mate or capture of the queen. - The victory would have been more difficult after 23... Ra8-d8 (instead of the actual 23... Rg8-h8). White would then have had to play as follows: 24. Qd1-e2, Rg8-h8; 25. Bh7-f5, Ne6-d4; 26. Be3xd4, Qe5xe2; 27. Bd4xh8, and with the unfavourable black king's position, the three pieces will win against the queen.}
24... Rd8 (24... Kxf7 25. Qd7+) 25. Qxg4 Qxe3
{If now 25... Ke8xf7, then 26. Rb1xb7+, Ne6-c7; 27. Qg4-g6+, Kf7-e7; 28. Rb7xc7+, Qe5xc7; 29. Qg6-g7+, and White captures the queen.} (
25... Kxf7 26. Rxb7+ Nc7 27. Qg6+ Ke7 28. Rxc7+ Qxc7 29. Qg7+) 26. Bg6
{Resigned. This pretty little game is a good example of Spielmann's strong gambit style.}
1-0
[Event "Masters' Tournament"]
[Site "Nürnberg"]
[Date "1906.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Chigorin"]
[Black "Vidmar"]
[Result "1-0"]
[ECO "C30"]
[Opening "King's gambit declined"]
[Annotator "Mieses, J."]
[Mode "OTB"]
1. e4 e5 2. f4 Bc5 3. Nf3 d6 4. Bc4 Nc6 5. d3 Nf6
{Better is an immediate Nb1-c3 and Nc3-a4. (See "Small Instruction Book of Chess", p. 335. Univ.-Bibl. Nr. 1411-15.) [This should have been a note to White's 5th move, not Black's.]}
6. Nc3 O-O 7. Na4 Bb6 8. Nxb6 axb6 9. O-O Na5 $1
{The right move. White can now not move the bishop to b3, since 10. Bc4-e3[sic], Na5xb3; 11. c2xb3 would result in a bad pawn structure. The latter is also true, however, when the bishop is taken on c4, because then White gets an isolated e-pawn.}
10. fxe5 (10. Bb3 Nxb3 11. cxb3 $80) 10... dxe5 11. Qe2 Nxc4 12. dxc4
{[This move is given in the text as 12. d3xe4.]} 12... Bg4
{Black threatens to capture the e-pawn through Bg4xf3 and Qd8-d4+.} 13. Kh1 Nh5
{Now 13... Bg4xf3; 14. Rf1xf3, Qd8-d4 would be in error because of 15. Rf3xf6!, g7xf6; 16. Bc1-h6, and White regains the quality without any further disadvantage.} (
13... Bxf3 14. Rxf3 Qd4 15. Rxf6 gxf6 16. Bh6) 14. Qf2 $220
{[In the diagram, the bishop on c1 is missing.]} 14... f5
{The right move at the right moment. With it, Black gets himself a strong passed pawn.}
15. Bg5 Qe8 16. Qd2 h6 17. Bh4 fxe4 18. Qd5+ Qe6 19. Qxe4 Bxf3 20. Rxf3 Rxf3
21. Qxf3
{Now the pawn on b7 appears to be lost, but Black has a pretty protection.}
21... Qf7 22. Qe2 {On 22. Qf3xb7, 22... Ra8xa2 would have happened.} (22. Qxb7
Rxa2) 22... Re8 23. Rf1 Qg6 24. Qf3 e4 25. Qe3 Qg4 26. Qf2 Qe6 27. Qe2 Nf6
28. Bxf6 gxf6 29. Qe3 f5 30. b3 Re7 31. Kg1 Kh7 32. h3 Qe5 33. Qf4
{Far better would be 33. Rf1-f4, which threatens g2-g4. When Black prevents this with h6-h5, the position of his king is somewhat weakened.} (
33. Rf4 h5) 33... Qc5+ 34. Rf2 (34. Kh2 e3 35. Qxf5+ Qxf5 36. Rxf5 e2) 34... e3
{The same move would have followed Kg1-h2. White then cannot take the pawn on f5, because of the exchange of queens followed by e3-e2.}
35. Re2 Re4 36. Qf3 Qe5 37. g3 Kg6 38. Kg2 h5 $1 39. a4
{Instead of this, h3-h4 was necessary, to prevent h6-h5, with which Black obtains two connected passes pawns.} (
39. h4) 39... c5 $2 {Black doesn't use the profferred chance.} 40. Kg1 $2
{Again White neglects to make the required move h3-h4.} 40... h4 41. gxh4 Kh6
{An immediate f5-f4? is refuted by Qf3-g4+ and Re2-g2.} (41... f4 $2 42. Qg4+
Kh6 43. Rg2) 42. Kh1 f4 43. c3 {To prevent Re4-d4.} 43... Qf5 44. Rg2 Re6
{Black has handled the entire game very finely and consistently, but with the last move he robs himself of the fruits of his efforts. He should now have played to exchange queens, and that with 44... Re4-e7. To that, White hardly has another reply than 45. Kh1-h2; this could be followed by: 45... Qf5-f7; 46. Kh2-h1, Re7-e5; 47. Kh1-h2, Qd7-f6; 48. Kh2-h1, Re5-h5; 49. Kh1-h2, Rh5xh4; 50. Kh2-h1, Qf7-f5; 51. Kh1-h2, Qf5-h5 etc.} (
44... Re7 45. Kh2 Qf7 46. Kh1 Re5 47. Kh2 Qf6 48. Kh1 Rh5 49. Kh2 Rxh4 50. Kh1
Qf5 51. Kh2 Qh5) 45. Qxb7 e2 46. Qg7+ Kh5 47. Qh8+
{To 47. Rg2-g5+?, Black of course answers Kh5xh4.} (47. Rg5+ $2 Kxh4) 47... Rh6
48. Qe8+ $220 Kxh4
{After this Black is lost immediately. He could have set a shrewd trap for his oppenent with 48... Rh6-g6, though, since if White plays 49. Rg2xg6? on this, Black wins with 49... Qf5xh3+; 50. Kh1-g1, Qh3-e3+! 49. Qe8xe2+, f4-f3 also leads to a loss for White. With 49. Rg2-g5+!, however, White wins.} (
48... Rg6 49. Rxg6 $2 (49. Qxe2+ f3) (49. Rg5+ $1) 49... Qxh3+ 50. Kg1 Qe3+ $1)
49. Qxe2 f3 50. Qf2+ Kh5 51. Rg3
{Black resigns, since 51... Rh6-f6 is followed by 52. Rg3-g4 with a mating threat on h4.}
1-0
[Event "International Masters' Tournament"]
[Site "Petersburg"]
[Date "1909.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Fleischmann"]
[Black "Tartakower, Dr."]
[Result "1-0"]
[ECO "C13"]
[Opening "French game"]
[Variation "[Tartakower]"]
[Annotator "Mieses, J."]
[Mode "OTB"]
1. e4 e6 2. d4 d5 3. Nc3 Nf6 4. Bg5 Be7 5. e5 Ne4
{Better is 5... Nf6-d7. (Cf. "Small Educational Book of Chess" by J. Dufresne, 8th edition, p. 349.)}
6. Nxe4 $1 Bxg5
{After 6... d5xe4; 7. Bg5xe7, Qd8xe7; 8. c2-c3, 0-0; 9. Qd1-g4, f7-f5; 10. e5xf6, Qe7xf6; 11. Qg4-g3, Nb8-e6; 12. Bf1-b5 the pawn on e4 stays weak.} (
6... dxe4 7. Bxe7 Qxe7 8. c3 O-O 9. Qg4 f5 10. exf6 Qxf6 11. Qg3 Nc6 12. Bb5)
7. Nxg5 Qxg5 8. g3 c5
{In the Petersburg tournament book, Lasker declares 8... Bc8-d7 followed by Nb8-c6 and queenside castling to be more advisable.} (
8... Bd7) 9. c3 Nc6 10. f4 Qe7 11. Nf3 Bd7 12. Qd2 O-O 13. Bd3 c4
{Lasker rightly denounces this move, because it blocks Black's own position. The right choice were c5xd4 followed by Ra8-c8.} (
13... cxd4) 14. Bc2 b5 15. O-O a5 16. Rae1 b4 $220 17. f5 $1
{With this deeply considered pawn sacrifice, the Hungarian master initiates an attack which he carries on in a marvelously adroit manner.}
17... exf5 18. g4 $1
{The previous pawn sacrifice only served as preparation for this second one.}
18... fxg4
{The following continuations might be considered for Black, which, however, all lead to an advantage for White: I. 18... f5-f4; 19. Qd2xf4, Bd7-e6; 20. Nf3-g5, h7-h6; 21. Ng5-h7, Rf8-e8; 22. g4-g5 etc. II. 18... g7-g6; 19. g4xg5, g6xg5; 20. Qd2-h6, f7-f6; 21. Kg1-h1 followed by Rf1-g1 and Nf3-h4. III. 18... f7-f6; 19. e5-e6! etc.} (
18... f4 19. Qxf4 Be6 20. Ng5 h6 21. Nh7 Rfe8 22. g5) (18... g6 19. gxf5 gxf5
20. Qh6 f6 21. Kh1) (18... f6 19. e6 $1) 19. Ng5 g6
{Or 19... h7-h6; 20. Ng5-h7, Rf8-d8; 21. Nh7-f6+, Kg8-h8!; 22. Nf6xd5, and White stands better by far.} (
19... h6 20. Nh7 Rfd8 21. Nf6+ Kh8 $1 22. Nxd5) 20. Rf6 Kg7 21. Ref1 Be8
22. Qf4 Nd8 23. e6 Ra6 24. Qe5 Kh6 25. R1f5 $1 fxe6 26. Nf7+ Qxf7 27. Rh5+ Kg7
28. Rxg6#
{For this valuable game, the leader of the White pieces received one of the brilliancy prizes of the Petersburg tournament.}
1-0
[Event "International Masters' Tournament"]
[Site "San Sebastian"]
[Date "1911.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Spielmann"]
[Black "Maroczy"]
[Result "1-0"]
[ECO "C12"]
[Opening "French game"]
[Variation "[MacCutcheon, Chigorin]"]
[Annotator "Mieses, J."]
[Mode "OTB"]
1. e4 e6 2. d4 d5 3. Nc3 Nf6 4. Bg5 Bb4 5. e5 h6 6. exf6 hxg5 7. fxg7 Rg8
8. h4 gxh4 9. Qh5 Qf6 10. Nf3 Nd7 {Nb8-c6 is better.} (10... Nc6) 11. O-O-O
Qxg7 12. Qxh4 a6 {This is necessary, since Nc3-b5 with Qh4-f4 threatens.}
13. Bd3 $1 {Now Nc3xd5 threatens.} 13... Nf6 14. Rde1 Bd7 15. g4 Bxc3
{If 15... Nf6xg4, then 16. Nc3xd5!, Bb4-d6; 17. Bd3-h7 (threatens Qh4xg4).} (
15... Nxg4 16. Nxd5 $1 Bd6 17. Bh7) 16. bxc3 O-O-O
{16... Nf6xg4 would now be answered with Rh1-g1.} (16... Nxg4 17. Rhg1) 17. g5
Ne4 $1 18. Bxe4 dxe4 19. Ne5 $1
{On 19. Re1xe4?, Rg8-h8 follows, and after 19. Qh4xe4, Black plays Bd7-c6.} (
19. Rxe4 $2 Rh8) (19. Qxe4 Bc6) 19... Be8 20. Reg1 Qf8 21. Qxe4 $1 Qa3+ 22. Kd2
Qxa2 23. Ra1 $1
{In the correct assessment that the endgame is won for him, White initiates the queen exchange. Alternatively, he could also have played for complications with c3-c4.} (
23. c4) 23... Qd5 24. Qxd5 exd5 25. f4 Rd6 $220 26. Ng4 $1
{The best move. Black threatened f7-f6.} 26... Bd7 27. Nf6 Rf8 28. Rae1 c6
29. Re5 $1 Re6 30. Nxd7 $1 Kxd7 31. f5 Re7
{31... Re6xe5 is answered by d4xe5 and a later Rh1-h7.} (31... Rxe5 32. dxe5)
32. Rh7 Kd8
{Black cannot play Rf8-e8 because of 33. g5-g6, f7xg6; 34. Re5xe7+, Re8xe7; 35. f5xg6, Kd7-e6; 36. g6-g7, and White wins. The entire endgame is essentially focused on this variation, since, if Rf8-e8 were possible, Black would win.} (
32... Rfe8 33. g6 fxg6 34. Rexe7+ Rxe7 35. fxg6 Ke6 36. g7) 33. g6 Rxe5
34. dxe5 fxg6 35. f6 Kc8
{If Re5[sic]-e8, then 36. Rh7xb7, Re8xe5; 37. Rb7-b8+! with f6-f7 etc.} (
35... Re8 36. Rxb7 Rxe5 37. Rb8+ $1) 36. Re7
{Black resigns. A very valuable game.} 1-0
[Event "International Masters' Tournament"]
[Site "San Sebastian"]
[Date "1911.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Nimzowitsch"]
[Black "Capablanca"]
[Result "0-1"]
[ECO "C00"]
[Opening "French game"]
[Variation "[King's(-ish) Indian attack]"]
[Annotator "Mieses, J."]
[Mode "OTB"]
1. e4 e6 2. d3
{Nimzowitsch has a predilection for exceptionally bizarre moves in the opening.}
2... d5 3. Nd2 c5 4. Ngf3 Nc6 5. Be2 Bd6 6. O-O Qc7 7. Re1 Nge7 8. c3 O-O 9. a3
$2 f5 $1 {To let e6-e5 follow when the occasion provides.} 10. Bf1 Bd7 11. exd5
exd5 12. b4 Rae8
{Stronger would have been 12... b7-b5, since after the text move White could have improved his game with 13. b4xc5, Bd6xc5; 14. d3-d4, Bc5-d6; 15. c3-c4.} (
12... b5) 13. Bb2 (13. bxc5 Bxc5 14. d4 Bd6 15. c4) 13... b6 14. d4 c4 $220
15. Nxc4
{White seeks to liberate his game through an opportunity-rich sacrifice.}
15... dxc4 16. Bxc4+ Kh8 17. Ng5 Bxh2+ 18. Kh1 Bf4 19. Nf7+ Rxf7 20. Bxf7 Rf8
21. Bh5 Ng8 {To free the path for the queen over d8 to h4.} 22. c4
{White apparently still stands quite well.} 22... Qd8 23. Qf3 $2
{The best here would be g2-g3, although even then Black retains his advantage with Bf4-g5-f6.} (
23. g3 Bg5) 23... Qh4+ 24. Qh3
{On Kh1-g1, the decision comes through Qh4-h2+; 25. Kg1-f1, Ng8-f6!; 26. d4-d5, Nc6-e5.} (
24. Kg1 Qh2+ 25. Kf1 Nf6 $1 26. d5 Ne5) 24... Qxf2 25. Re2 Qg3 26. Qxg3 Bxg3
27. c5 $2 Nce7 28. Bf3 Bb5 29. Rc2 Nf6 30. a4 Bd3 31. Rcc1
{If Rc2, d3, then Nf6-e4! as well.} (31. Rd2 Ne4 $1) 31... Ne4 $1
{An unexpectedly quick ending now follows.} 32. b5 Rf6
{Threatens mate in at most three moves.} 33. Bxe4 Bf2 $1
{White resigns; the mate can no longer be prevented.} 0-1
[Event "International Masters' Tournament"]
[Site "Bad Pistyan"]
[Date "1912.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Duras"]
[Black "Johner, P."]
[Result "1-0"]
[ECO "C11"]
[Opening "French game"]
[Variation "[Swiss]"]
[Annotator "Mieses, J."]
[Mode "OTB"]
1. e4 e6 2. d4 d5 3. Nc3 Nf6 4. Bd3 c5 5. Nf3 Nc6
{Worth considering here is 5... c5xd4; 6. Nf3xd4, e6-e5; 7. Nd4-f3, d5-d4; 8. Nc3-e2, Nb8-c6.} (
5... cxd4 6. Nxd4 e5 7. Nf3 d4 8. Ne2 Nc6) 6. dxc5 Bxc5
{6... d5xe4; 7. Nc3xe4, Nf6xe4; 8. Bd3xe4, Qd8-d1+; 9. Ke1xd1, Bf8xc5; 10. Bc1-e3, Bc5xe3; 11. Be4xc6+, b7xc6; 12. f2xe3 leads to an endgame, which seems to stands slightly better for White.} (
6... dxe4 7. Nxe4 Nxe4 8. Bxe4 Qxd1+ 9. Kxd1 Bxc5 10. Be3 Bxe3 11. Bxc6+ bxc6
12. fxe3 $14) 7. O-O dxe4 8. Nxe4 Nxe4 9. Bxe4 Qxd1
{Black could also easily castle here, since the bishop sacrifice on h7 only leads to a draw; e.g. 9... 0-0; 10. Be4xh7+, Kg8xh7; 11. Nf3-g5+, Kh7-g6; 12. Qd1-g4, Qd8-d4; 13. Bc1-f4, e6-e5; 14. Ng5-e6+, Kg6-f6; 15. Bf4-g5+ and White has to give perpetual check.} (
9... O-O 10. Bxh7+ Kxh7 11. Ng5+ Kg6 12. Qg4 Qd4 13. Bf4 e5 14. Ne6+ Kf6
15. Bg5+) 10. Rxd1 Bd7 11. a3 a5
{Black wants to prevent the threat b2-b4 and c2-c4, but his chosen game plan leads to other disadvantages. The best move here might well be 11... Ra8-c8.} (
11... Rc8) 12. Bf4 f6
{Black appears to stand quite well, and yet his position already contains the seeds of its death.}
13. b4 $1 {Very well played. The pawn on a5 now becomes weak.} 13... Be7
{Black must not take, of course.} 14. b5 Nd8 15. a4 Rc8 16. Bd2 $1 b6 17. Be3
f5 $220 {To 17... Be7-c5, White answers 18. Be3xc5 and Rd1-d6 with advantage.} (
17... Bc5 18. Bxc5) 18. Ne5 $1
{A subtle, deeply calculated move. The quality sacrifice which it initiates is completely correct.}
18... Bf6 19. Nxd7 Bxa1 20. Nxb6 Rc7 21. Rxa1 fxe4 22. c4
{Duras plays the entire game with as much spirit as energy.} 22... O-O
{22... Nd8-b7 would have been followed by 23. c4-c5, Nb7xx[sic - the move is broken over two lines; there is one "x" at the end of the first line, and another at the start of the second]c5; 24. Ra1-c1. That is the point of c2-c4.} (
22... Nb7 23. c5 Nxc5 24. Rc1) 23. c5 Nb7 24. c6 Nd6 25. Bc5 $1 Rd8 26. Rd1 Nf7
27. Rxd8+ Nxd8 28. Bd6 {Resigned.} 1-0
[Event "Masters' Tournament"]
[Site "Oostende"]
[Date "1906.??.?? [sic - as the note at the last move indicates, this game was actually played at the 1907 tournament]"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Perlis, Dr."]
[Black "Mieses, J."]
[Result "0-1"]
[ECO "B01"]
[Opening "Centre counter gambit"]
[Annotator "Mieses, J."]
[Mode "OTB"]
1. e4 d5 2. exd5 Qxd5 3. Nc3 Qa5 4. d4 Nf6 5. Bd3 Nc6 6. Bd2 e5 $1
{Although at first sight it looks quite plausible, the system of development chosen by White is not a happy one, and it is cleanly refuted by the second player.}
7. Nb5 Qb6 8. Qe2 a6 9. Nc3
{After 9. d4xe5, Black gains the advantage with 9. Nf6-g4.} (9. dxe5 Ng4)
9... Bg4 $1 10. f3 Nxd4 11. Qxe5+ Be6 12. Nge2 Nxe2 13. Qxe2 O-O-O 14. O-O-O
Bd6
{Both sides have developed all pieced, and yet the black position is decidedly preferable, because here the pieces are posted to much more effect. Particularly badly placed is the white queen.}
15. Bc4 Rhe8 16. Bxe6+ Rxe6
{White may thus have exchanged the dangerous bishop, but now the enemy's rook intervenes threateningly.}
17. Qc4 Qf2 $1
{The combination 17... Bd6xh2, to proceed, after 18. Rh1xh2, with 18... Rd8xd8; 19. Rd1xd2, Qb6-g1+, would be in error here. White would, after all, not go for capturing the bishop at all, but regain the pawn in a simple way with 18. Bd2-g5.} (
17... Bxh2 $6 18. Rxh2 (18. Bg5) 18... Rxd2 19. Rxd2 Qg1+) 18. Qf1 Qc5
{With this well-calculated manoeuvre, Black has driven the enemy's queen to an unfavourable square.}
19. g3 Be5 {Now the decisive attack gets under way.} 20. Qg2 Rb6 21. Be1 Qe3+
22. Bd2 $220 Bxc3 $1 {A splendid queen sacrifice of annihilating power.}
23. Bxe3 Bxb2+ 24. Kb1 Bd4+ 25. Kc1 Bxe3+ 26. Rd2 Bxd2+ 27. Qxd2 Rb1+ 28. Kxb1
Rxd2
{White resigns. For this game, the leader of the black pieces received one of the brilliancy prizes awarded in the 1907 Oostende Tournament.}
0-1
[Event "Masters' Tournament"]
[Site "Düsseldorf"]
[Date "1908.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "John"]
[Black "Mieses, J."]
[Result "0-1"]
[ECO "B01"]
[Opening "Centre counter gambit"]
[Annotator "Mieses, J."]
[Mode "OTB"]
1. e4 d5 2. exd5 Qxd5 3. Nc3 Qa5 4. Bc4 Nf6 5. d3
{This tame move, which an energetic player would not opt for, Black does not need to fear in this opening.}
5... c6 {To open a retreat for the queen after Bc1-d2.} 6. Bd2 Bg4 7. f3
{It is clear that Black only wanted to provoke this move, which weakens the diagonal b6-g1.}
7... Bf5 8. Nd5 Qd8 9. Nxf6+ gxf6 $1
{This is better than e7xf6, and also accords with the general principle that when in doubt, one should always take with the pawn towards the centre.} (
9... exf6) 10. Qe2
{White already does not stand well at all. Ng1-e2 is answered with Qd8-b6, and now kingside castling is prevented - a consequence of the erroneous 7th move.} (
10. Ne2 Qb6) 10... Nd7 11. Bc3 Qc7
{Black doesn't even consider preventing the opponent from castling queenside with Bf8-h6, since he wishes for nothing more than just that.}
12. O-O-O b5 $1
{One would not believe how quickly the seemingly solid white position now breaks apart.}
13. Bb3 a5 14. a3
{If 14. a2-a5, then 14... b5xa4; 15. Bb3xa4, Qc7-f4+, which wins the bishop.} (
14. a4 bxa4 15. Bxa4 Qf4+) 14... b4 $1 15. axb4 axb4 16. Bd4 $220
{Not, of course, 16. Bc3xb4? because of 16... Qc7-f4+; 17. Bb4-d2, Ra8-a1 mate.} (
16. Bxb4 Qf4+ 17. Bd2 Ra1#) 16... Be6 $1
{A very crafty offer of a pawn, which White can only have taken up because he hasn't calculated the consequences. Even so his position would become truly precarious in any case.}
17. Bxe6 fxe6 18. Qxe6 Bh6+ 19. Kb1
{If 19. Bd4-e3, then 19... Nd7-c5! and the bishop is lost. That was the short, sharp point of the combination initiated at the 16th move.} (
19. Be3 Nc5 $1) 19... Qa5 20. c3 Qa4 21. Re1 {Threatens mate on e7.} 21... Qa1+
22. Kc2 b3+
{White resigns, since, if the king takes the pawn, Qa1-a4 mate follows, and after 22. Qe6xb3 Black takes the rook on e1.}
0-1
[Event "Match, which was won by Dr. Tartakower with 5:2 and five draws."]
[Site "Vienna"]
[Date "1913.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Spielmann"]
[Black "Tartakower, Dr."]
[Result "0-1"]
[ECO "B12"]
[Opening "Opening: Caro-Kann"]
[Variation "[Advance]"]
[Annotator "Mieses, J."]
[Mode "OTB"]
1. e4 c6 2. d4 d5 3. e5 Bf5 4. Bd3 Bxd3 5. Qxd3 e6 6. f4 Qb6
{An erroneous continuation: the required move here is c6-c5.} (6... c5) 7. f5
$1 exf5 8. Qxf5 Ne7 9. Qf2 Ng6 10. h4 $1 Be7 11. h5 $2
{White's manoeuvres so far were very good and refuted the second player's weak 6th move. Now, though, Spielmann fails to continue in the correct way, which would give him the advantage, and which consist of the natural move Ne2. Dr. Tartakower, who has annotated the game in Lasker's "Schachwart", explains that on 11. Ne2 he intended h7-h5; 12. 0-0, Rf8 to castle queenside later, but White would then play 13. Qf5, after which the unpleasant move e5-e6 threatens. Against that, Black probably has nothing better than 13... Nh8, and White wins at least a pawn.} (
11. Ne2 h5 12. O-O Rf8 13. Qf5 Nh8) 11... Nf8
{White has now driven his enemy's knight to the best defensive square, to wit e6, and therewith himself destroyed all his chances of attack.}
12. Ne2 Ne6 13. c3 c5 $1 {Now Black seizes the initiative.} 14. Nf4 Nxf4 $1
15. Bxf4 cxd4 16. cxd4
{[The last two moves are given in the text as c5-d4 and c3-d4, instead of c5xd4 and c3xd4.]}
16... Nc6 17. Be3
{White would achieve nothing with 17. 0-0, Qd4+; 18. Be3, Qe5; 19. Qf7+, Kd7 etc.} (
17. O-O Qxd4 18. Be3 Qxe5 19. Qxf7+ Kd7) 17... O-O 18. h6 g6 19. Nc3 f6 $1 $220
20. exf6
{White cannot take the pawn on d5, since Black then gets the advantage through Qa5+, but the text move is not good, either, as the further course of the game shows. The best move here is 20. Qd2. If then 20. Rad8, then 21. ef and 0-0-0. After 20... Bb4, though, 21. a2-a3 could follow. In both cases White keeps a defendable game.} (
20. Nxd5 Qa5+) (20. Qd2 Rad8 (20... Bb4 21. a3) 21. exf6) 20... Rxf6 21. Qd2
Bb4 22. O-O-O Na5 23. Kb1 Nc4 24. Nxd5
{A sacrifice of desperation. The game has become untenable for White.}
24... Nxd2+ 25. Bxd2 Qxd4 26. Nxf6+
{One should here observe the continuation 26. Bb4:, Qe4+; 27. Ka1, Rf7; 28. Rhe1, Qg2:?; 29. Ne7+, Re7:; 30. Re7: and Black has difficulties to contend with. However, Black would play 28... Qg4, after which White has no chances left.} (
26. Bxb4 Qe4+ 27. Ka1 Rf7 28. Rhe1 Qxg2 $2 (28... Qg4) 29. Ne7+ Rxe7 30. Rxe7)
26... Qxf6 27. Bxb4 Rd8 28. Rde1 Qf5+ 29. Ka1 Qg4 30. Be7
{Longer resistance would be offered by Bc3.} (30. Bc3) 30... Re8 31. Ba3 Rxe1+
32. Rxe1 Qxg2 33. Kb1 Qd2 34. Re8+ Kf7 35. Re7+ Kf6 36. b3 Qd1+ 37. Kb2 Qd2+
38. Kb1 Qxh6 {White resigns.} 0-1
[Event "Masters' Tournament"]
[Site "Oostende"]
[Date "1906.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Burn"]
[Black "Znosko-Borovsky"]
[Result "0-1"]
[ECO "D32"]
[Opening "Queen's gambit"]
[Variation "[Tarrasch]"]
[Annotator "Mieses, J."]
[Mode "OTB"]
1. d4 d5 2. c4 e6 3. Nc3 c5 4. cxd5 exd5 5. Nf3 Nc6 6. Bg5
{Better is probably 6. Bc1-f4. (Cf. on this "Small Educational Book of Chess" by J. Dufresne. Eighth edition, p. 397.)}
6... Be7 7. Bxe7 Ngxe7 8. e3 cxd4 9. Nxd4 Qb6 $1 10. Nb3 {Not a good move.}
10... Be6 11. Bd3 O-O 12. O-O Rfd8 13. Na4 Qc7 14. Rc1 Qe5 15. Qe2 Rac8 16. f4
{This advance is in error, because it leaves the e-pawn permanently backwards, without providing a corresponding equivalent for this drawback. White should rather exchange one of his knights, both misplaced on the queenside, against Be6: 16. Na4-c5, b7-b6; 17. Nc5xe6, f7xe6; 18. Qe2-g4! and possibly Nb3-d4. This does reinforce the black centre, but for the time being the square e6 is weak, and this holds a certain counterchance for White.} (
16. Nac5 b6 17. Nxe6 fxe6 18. Qg4 $1) 16... Qf6 17. f5 Bd7 18. Nac5 b6 19. Nxd7
Rxd7 20. g4
{White hardly has anything else than to proceed with the erroneous attack plan initiated by f2-f4.}
20... Rcd8 21. Kh1 Rd6
{This is necessary, since there was the threat of g4-g5, Qf6xg5, f5-f6, and now Ne7-g6 is impossible, since then the knight Nc6 is unprotected.}
22. Rg1 Qg5 23. Rcf1 d4 $1 24. e4
{Whie cannot take the pawn, since then the rooks on the open d-line become too strong.} (
24. exd4) 24... Ne5 25. Rg3 N7c6 26. Nd2 $2
{That is a decisive error. White had to move Nb3-c1, so that, when the bishop is taken, he could recapture with the knight.} (
26. Nc1 Nxd3 27. Nxd3) 26... Nxd3 27. Rxd3 Ne5 28. Rg3 $220 d3 $1
{Black finds the strongest move again and again. His handling of the game is completely faultless.}
29. Qg2 Rc6 30. Nf3 Nxf3 31. Qxf3 Rc1 32. Rgg1 Rxf1 33. Rxf1 Qd2
{Everything played simply and clearly. To 34. Qf3-g2, Black wants to answer 34... Qd2-c2, threatening d3-d2. If then 35. Qg2-f2 or Rf1-f2, then 35... Qc2xf2 and d3-d2, and Black wins.}
34. Rb1 (34. Qg2 Qc2 35. Qf2 (35. Rf2 Qxf2 36. Qxf2 d2) 35... Qxf2 36. Rxf2 d2)
34... Qe2 35. Qg2 Qe3 36. Rd1 d2 37. h3 Qe1+ 38. Qg1 Qe2 $1
{The quickest way to victory.} 39. e5 Rd3 {White resigns.} 0-1
[Event "International Masters' Tournament"]
[Site "Petersburg"]
[Date "1909.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Rubinstein"]
[Black "Lasker, Dr. E."]
[Result "1-0"]
[ECO "D30"]
[Opening "Queen's gambit"]
[Variation "[pseudo-Tarrasch]"]
[Annotator "Mieses, J."]
[Mode "OTB"]
1. d4 d5 2. Nf3 Nf6 3. c4 e6 4. Bg5 c5 5. cxd5 exd5 6. Nc3 cxd4 7. Nxd4 Nc6
{Lasker, whose remarks in the tournament book we use here, recommends 7... Bf8-e7; 8. e2-e3, 0-0 instead.} (
7... Be7 8. e3 O-O) 8. e3 Be7 9. Bb5 $1
{With this, Black's 7th move is refuted.} 9... Bd7 10. Bxf6
{Stronger would be 10. 0-0.} (10. O-O) 10... Bxf6 11. Nxd5 Bxd4 12. exd4 Qg5
13. Bxc6 Bxc6 14. Ne3 O-O-O
{Lasker condemns this move as rash and propounds 14... Bc6xg2; 15. Rh1-g1, Qg5-a5+; 16. Qd1-d2, Qa5xd2; 17. Ke1xd2, Bg2-e4 or also 15. Ne3xg2, Qg5xe2[sic]; 16. Qd1-e2+, Ke8-d8; 17. 0-0-0, Qg2-g6; 18. Qe2-d3, Ra8-c8+; 19. Kc1-b1, Rh8-e8 to be a continuation which is good for Black.} (
14... Bxg2 15. Rg1 (15. Nxg2 Qxg2 16. Qe2+ Kd8 17. O-O-O Qg6 18. Qd3 Rc8+
19. Kb1 Re8) 15... Qa5+ 16. Qd2 Qxd2+ 17. Kxd2 Be4) 15. O-O Rhe8 $220 16. Rc1
$1 {An extraordinarily fine move, as the further course of the game shows.}
16... Rxe3 17. Rxc6+ $1 bxc6 18. Qc1 $1 Rxd4
{The best chances would yet be given by 18... Re3-e5; 19. Qc1xc6+ (not f2-f4 because of Re5-c5), Kc8-b8; 20. d4xe5 (not f2-f4 because of Re5-e6), Qg5xe5.} (
18... Re5 19. Qxc6+ (19. f4 Rc5) 19... Kb8 20. dxe5 (20. f4 Re6) 20... Qxe5)
19. fxe3 Rd7 20. Qxc6+ Kd8 21. Rf4 $1
{With this fine move, White threatens to win the game through Qc6-a8+ and Rf4-e4+ resp. -c4+ etc. Black's following moves, which lead to the exchange of queens and with that to a lost endgame, are forced.}
21... f5 22. Qc5 Qe7
{Or 22... Rd7-d1+?; 23. Kg1-f2, Rd1-d2+; 24. Kf2-e1, Qg5xg2; 25. Qc5-a5+, and White captures the rook.} (
22... Rd1+ $2 23. Kf2 Rd2+ 24. Ke1 Qxg2 25. Qa5+) 23. Qxe7+ Kxe7 24. Rxf5 Rd1+
25. Kf2 Rd2+ 26. Kf3 Rxb2 27. Ra5 Rb7 28. Ra6 Kf8 29. e4 Rc7 30. h4 Kf7 31. g4
Kf8 32. Kf4 Ke7 33. h5 h6 34. Kf5 Kf7 35. e5 Rb7 36. Rd6 Ke7 37. Ra6 Kf7
38. Rd6 Kf8 39. Rc6 Kf7 40. a3 {Resigned.} 1-0
[Event "International Masters' Tournament"]
[Site "Petersburg"]
[Date "1909.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Rubinstein"]
[Black "Dus-Chotimirsky"]
[Result "0-1"]
[ECO "D33"]
[Opening "Queen's gambit"]
[Variation "[Tarrasch, Prague]"]
[Annotator "Mieses, J."]
[Mode "OTB"]
1. d4 d5 2. Nf3 c5 3. c4 e6 4. cxd5 exd5 5. Nc3 Be6 6. g3 Nf6 7. Bg2 Nc6
8. O-O c4 9. Bg5 Be7 10. Ne5 $1 Qb6
{An error, which was certainly tempting, as it attacks both pawns on d4 and b2, and thus appears to force Ne5xc6. As a viable alternative game plan Lasker recommends 10... h7-h6.} (
10... h6) 11. Bxf6 gxf6 12. Nxc4 $1 dxc4 13. d5 $1
{Through this very good manoeuvre, White has demolished the enemy's position.}
13... O-O {After Ra8-d8, Qd1-a4 would have happened.} (13... Rd8 14. Qa4)
14. dxe6 Qxb2 {Black now plays - his only chance - va-banque on the attack.}
15. exf7+ Kh8 16. Nd5 Rab8 17. Rb1 Qe5
{Not 17... Qb2xa2?, because of 18. Nd5xe7 and Qd1-d6.} (17... Qxa2 $2 18. Nxe7
Nxe7 19. Qd6) 18. Qa4 c3 19. Rfc1 $220
{An error, as the opponent's excellent answer shows. 19. Qa4-c4, to render the c-pawn harmless, was the right thing here.} (
19. Qc4) 19... b5 $1 20. Rxb5 $2
{Taking the pawn brings about the loss of the game. With 20. Qa4-a6, Nc6-d4; 21. Nd5xc3, b5-b4; 22. e2-e3, b4xc3; 23. e3xd4, Rb8xb1; 24. Rc1xb1, Qe5xd4; 25. Qa6-e2 White could have reached a drawing position.} (
20. Qa6 Nd4 21. Nxc3 b4 22. e3 bxc3 23. exd4 Rxb1 24. Rxb1 Qxd4 25. Qe2)
20... Rxb5 21. Qxb5 Nd4 22. Qe8 Nxe2+ 23. Kf1 Nxc1 24. Nxe7 Qe2+ 25. Kg1 Qd1+
26. Bf1 Qd8 27. Qxd8 Rxd8 28. Nc6 Rf8 29. Bc4 Ne2+ {Resigned.} 0-1
[Event "International Masters' Tournament"]
[Site "Hamburg"]
[Date "1910.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Fleischmann (Forgács)"]
[Black "Duras"]
[Result "1-0"]
[ECO "D31"]
[Opening "Queen's gambit"]
[Variation "[Classical accepted]"]
[Annotator "Mieses, J."]
[Mode "OTB"]
1. d4 d5 2. c4 e6 3. Nc3 dxc4 {Is not accounted good nowadays.} 4. e4 $1 a6
5. Bxc4 b5 6. Bb3 Nf6 7. e5 Nd5 8. Nxd5 exd5 9. Ne2 Bb4+ 10. Nc3
{This move has the disadvantage that with it, White closes the open c-line. Apparently, though, White wants to keep both bishops and post the queen's bishop on a3.}
10... Bxc3+ 11. bxc3 O-O 12. O-O Be6 13. Qh5 Nd7 14. Ba3 Re8 15. Rae1 f5 16. f4
Nf8 17. Bc2 Qd7 18. Re3 Qf7 19. Qh4 Ng6 20. Qf2 a5
{After Black has repelled the attack, he proceeds to attack on the queenside himself. His plan, to advance the a- and b-pawns, is in so far erroneous, though, that this way the c-line is reopened for White. The best for Black seems to be, instead of the text move, Ng6-f8-d7 with Ra8-c8 and c7-c5.}
21. Bb1 {So that the a-pawn is protected, when necessary.} 21... Rab8 22. g4 b4
23. cxb4 axb4 24. Bc1 Ne7 25. Rg3 Rec8 26. Qc2 g6 {This threatens f5xg4.}
27. g5 c5 28. dxc5 d4
{All this is played very spiritedly by Black, but founders on an equally fine counterplay.}
29. Qd2 {29. Rg3-d3 would be followed by Be6-c4.} (29. Rd3 Bc4) 29... Bc4
30. Re1 Qd5 31. a3 b3 32. Bb2 Nc6 33. h4 $1
{With this White initiates the decisive attack.} 33... Kf7 34. e6+ Kg7 35. h5
Re8 36. Rge3 Kf8 $220 37. hxg6 $1 {A very beautiful combination.} 37... dxe3
38. gxh7 Ke7 39. Rxe3 $1
{Again Black cannot take the queen, due to the threatening mate in two moves.}
39... Rf8 40. Qxd5 Bxd5 41. h8=Q {White could win more quickly with g5-g6.} (
41. g6) 41... Rxh8 42. Bf6+ Kf8 43. Bxh8 Ne7 44. Bf6 Ra8 45. Bb2 Ra6 46. Kf2
Bxe6 47. Kg3 Kf7 48. Re1 Ra5 49. Rc1 Nc6 50. Bd3 Kg6 51. Be2 Bd5 52. Kh4 Ne7
53. Bh5+ Kh7 54. Kg3 Nc6 55. Be8 Ra8 56. Re1 Be4 $2 57. Rxe4 fxe4 58. Bxc6 Rb8
59. Bxe4+ Kg8 60. c6 {Resigned.} 1-0
[Event "Match"]
[Site "Berlin"]
[Date "1910.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Lasker, Dr. E"]
[Black "Janowski"]
[Result "1-0"]
[ECO "D32"]
[Opening "Queen's gambit"]
[Variation "[Tarrasch]"]
[Annotator "Mieses, J."]
[Mode "OTB"]
1. d4 d5 2. c4 e6 3. Nc3 c5 4. cxd5 exd5 5. Nf3 Be6
{One usually plays Nb8-c6 here, but the move chosen by Janowski cannot be faulted, either. Apart from that, in this game it induces the opponent to make a refutation attempt which is disadvantageous for him.}
6. e4 {Better is Bc1-f4 and e2-e3.} (6. Bf4) 6... dxe4 7. Nxe4 Nc6 $1 8. Be3
{After 8. d4xe5, Qd8xd1+; 9. Ke1xd1, 0-0-0 and Be6-d5 Black would regain the pawn with a superior game. Instead of the text move, though, Bf1-b5 would be worth consideration.} (
8. dxc5 Qxd1+ 9. Kxd1 O-O-O+) (8. Bb5) 8... cxd4 9. Nxd4 $2
{This brings White into immediate disadvantage; Be3xd4 had to be played.} (
9. Bxd4) 9... Qa5+ 10. Nc3 O-O-O
{Now Black has acquired an excellent position.} 11. a3
{White has nothing better. Nc6xd4 with Bf8-c5 threatens.} 11... Nh6 $2
{It is astonishing that Janowski does not see the obvious winning continuation 11... Bf8-c5 here. After 11... Bf8-c5; 12. b2-b4, Bc5xd4!; 13. b4xa5, Bd4xc3+; 14. Be3-d2, Rd8xd2; 15. Qd1xd2, Bc3xd2; 16. Ke1xd2, Nc6xa5, Black is plainly won with two pieces and a pawn for a rook. But even after the text move, the Black position is decidedly preferable.} (
11... Bc5 12. b4 Bxd4 $1 13. bxa5 Bxc3+ 14. Bd2 Rxd2 15. Qxd2 Bxd2+ 16. Kxd2
Nxa5) 12. b4 Qe5 13. Ncb5 $1 Nf5 $1
{Black does not fall for the trap which his opponent set him with his last move. If, that is, 13... a7-a6?, then 14. Qd1-c1, a6xb5; 15. Nd4xc6, b7xc6; 16. Qc1xc6+ etc. with a vehement attack.} (
13... a6 $2 14. Qc1 axb5 15. Nxc6 bxc6 16. Qxc6+) 14. Rc1 Nxe3 15. fxe3
{Tempting, but wrong would be 15. Nb5xa7+, Kc8-c7; 16. Nd4-b5+, Kc7-b6; 17. Rc1xc6+, b7xc6; 18. Qd1xd8+, Kb6-b7 and Black wins.} (
15. Nxa7+ Kc7 16. Ndb5+ Kb6 17. Rxc6+ bxc6 18. Qxd8+ Kb7) 15... Qxe3+ 16. Be2
Be7 17. Rc3 Bh4+ $1 18. g3 $220 Qe4 $2
{Here Janowski, exceptionally, again fails to take the opportunity to make a beautiful combination giving him a decisive advantage. He could, in fact, very well make the queen sacrifice 18... Qe3xc3+. The result would be: 19. Nb5xc3, Bh4-f6!; 20. 0-0, Bf6xd4+; 21. Kg1-h1, Bd4xc3; 22. Qd1-c2, Rd8-d2; 23. Qc2xc3, Rd2xe2 with the strong threat Be6-d5+. Apart from that Black has a pronounced material superiority with the rook, two bishops and a pawn for the queen.} (
18... Qxc3+ 19. Nxc3 Bf6 $1 20. O-O Bxd4+ 21. Kh1 Bxc3 22. Qc2 Rd2 23. Qxc3
Rxe2) 19. O-O $1
{Now the tide has turned, for now White gets attack on the open lines, which he carries out vehemently.}
19... Bf6 20. Rxf6 $1 {This quallity sacrifice works destructively.} 20... gxf6
21. Bf3 Qe5 {The following moves for Black are entirely forced.} 22. Nxa7+ Kc7
23. Naxc6 bxc6 24. Rxc6+ Kb8 25. Rb6+ Kc8 26. Qc1+ Kd7 27. Nxe6 fxe6 28. Rb7+
Ke8 29. Bc6+
{Black resigns, since Ke8-f8 is followed by Qc1-h6+ and mate on the next move.}
1-0
[Event "International Masters' Tournament"]
[Site "San Sebastian"]
[Date "1911.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Vidmar, Dr."]
[Black "Janowski"]
[Result "1-0"]
[ECO "D63"]
[Opening "Queen's gambit"]
[Variation "[Orthodox]"]
[Annotator "Mieses, J."]
[Mode "OTB"]
1. d4 d5 2. c4 e6 3. Nc3 Nf6 4. Bg5 Be7 5. e3 O-O 6. Nf3 Nbd7 7. Rc1 Re8
8. Bd3 dxc4 9. Bxc4 a6 10. O-O b5 11. Bd3 Bb7 12. Qe2 c5 13. Rfd1 Qb6 14. Ne5
Nxe5
{Wrong would be Ra8-d8, because of 15. Ne5xd7, Nf6xd7 (15... Rd8xd7; 16. Bg5xf6 and d4xc5); 16. Bg5xe7, Re8xe7; 17. d4xc5, Nd7xc5 (17... Qb6xc5; 18. Nc3xb5); 18. Bd3xh7+ followed by Qe2-h5+, Rd8[sic]xd8+ and Qh5xc5.} (
14... Rad8 15. Nxd7 Nxd7 (15... Rxd7 16. Bxf6 Bxf6 17. dxc5) 16. Bxe7 Rxe7
17. dxc5 Nxc5 (17... Qxc5 18. Nxb5) 18. Bxh7+ Kxh7 19. Qh5+ Kg8 20. Rxd8+ Qxd8
21. Qxc5) 15. dxe5
{[In the text this move is given as d4n.c5. Interestingly, all subsequent moves would still be legal, albeit nonsensical.]}
15... Nd7 16. Qh5 $1
{The beginning of an energetically executed attack. Erroneous would of course be 16. Bd3xh7+, Kg8xh7; 17. Qe2-h5+ and Rd1xd7, because of Qb6-c6!} (
16. Bxh7+ Kxh7 17. Qh5+ Kg8 18. Rxd7 Qc6 $1) 16... Nf8 17. Ne4
{Even stronger, perhaps, is 17. Bg5xe7 and 18. Bd3-e4 with the intent of bringing the knight past e4 to d6 soon after.} (
17. Bxe7 Rxe7 18. Be4) 17... Bxe4 18. Bxe4 g6 $2
{This move weakens the position. The best here is probably Ra8-d8.} (18... Rad8)
19. Qf3 $1 Rad8 20. Bxe7 Rxd1+ $2
{Black should not have left the only open line to his opponent. After 20... Re8xe7; 21. Rd1xd8, Qb6xd8; 22. Rc1xc5 Black would have regained the pawn through Re7-c7! (23. b2-b4, Rc8xc5; 24. b4xc5, Qd8-d2 followed by Qd2-c1+ and Qc1xc5).} (
20... Rxe7 21. Rxd8 Qxd8 22. Rxc5 Rc7 23. b4 Rxc5 24. bxc5 Qd2 25. g3 Qc1+
26. Kg2 Qxc5) 21. Rxd1 Rxe7 $220 22. Rd6 $1 Qa5 {Better is Db6-c7.} (22... Qc7)
23. h4 h5 $2
{h4-h5 followed by Qf3-f6 and h5-h6 threatened. A sufficient defence still seems to have been possible with 23... Re7-d7.} (
23... Rd7) 24. g4 hxg4 25. Qxg4
{Not immediately Qf3-f6 because of 25... Qa5-e1+; 26. Kg1-g2, g4-g3!; 27. Kg2xg3, Qe1-g1+ etc.} (
25. Qf6 Qe1+ 26. Kg2 g3 $1 27. Kxg3 Qg1+) 25... Qxa2
{Now the game is probably no longer tenable; Re7-d7 does not suffice either because of the reply 26. Be4xg6, f7xg6; 27. Rd1xd7 with Qg4xe6+ etc.} (
25... Rd7 26. Bxg6 fxg6 27. Rxd7 Nxd7 28. Qxe6+) 26. h5 Qxb2 27. Qg5 Ra7 $2
{After this the game is lost rapidly. Black could pose his opponent a difficult problem with Re7-d7. White would then reach a clearly winning position neither with Rd6xa6 (on which Rd7-d1+ and Qb2-c1 follow) nor with 28. h5-h6, Nf8-h7; 29. Qg5-f4, Rd7xd6; 30. e5xd6.} (
27... Rd7 28. Rxa6 (28. h6 Nh7 29. Qf4 Rxd6 30. exd6) 28... Rd1+ 29. Kg2 Qc1)
28. Rd8 $1 Rd7 29. Qf6 Qc1+ 30. Kg2 Qd1 31. Bf3 $1 {Resigned.} 1-0
[Event "Tournament"]
[Site "New York"]
[Date "1913.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Chajes, O."]
[Black "Janowski"]
[Result "0-1"]
[ECO "D25"]
[Opening "Queen's gambit"]
[Variation "[accepted, Janowski]"]
[Annotator "Mieses, J."]
[Mode "OTB"]
1. d4 d5 2. Nf3 Nf6 3. c4 dxc4 4. e3 Bg4
{Viable is 4... Bc8-e6; 5. Nb1-a3, Be6-d5; 6. Na3xc4, e7-e6; 7. Bf1-d3, Bf8-e7; 8. 0-0, 0-0; 9. Qd1-e2, Bd5-e4; 10. Bd3xe4, Nf6xe4 with approximately equal play.} (
4... Be6 5. Na3 Bd5 6. Nxc4 e6 7. Bd3 Be7 8. O-O O-O 9. Qe2 Be4 10. Bxe4 Nxe4)
5. Bxc4 {Now Bc4xf7+ threatens.} 5... e6 6. Nc3 Nbd7 7. O-O Be7 8. e4 c6 9. Re1
O-O 10. h3 Bh5 11. g4 {An overly risky manoeuvre.} 11... Bg6 12. a3
{The aim of this move is to prevent the advance of the enemy's b-pawn. 12. Nf3-g5, b7-b5; 13. Bc4xe6, f7xe6; 14. Ng5xe6, Qd8-b6; 15. Ne6xf8, Rh8[sic]xf8; 16. f2-f4 etc. would lead to an interesting game.} (
12. Ng5 b5 13. Bxe6 fxe6 14. Nxe6 Qb6 15. Nxf8 Rxf8 16. f4) 12... Qc7 13. Ba2
Rad8 14. Bd2 e5 15. d5 Nc5 16. Qc2 cxd5 $220
{[In the diagram, the e4 pawn is on d4.]} 17. g5 dxe4 18. Nh4 e3 $1
{Very well played.} 19. Nxg6 Rxd2 20. Nxe7+ Qxe7 21. Qf5
{After g4xf5[sic], Qe7xf6 would be decisive.} (21. gxf6 Qxf6) 21... exf2+
22. Kh1 fxe1=Q+ 23. Rxe1 Nh5 24. Qg4 g6 {and White resigned after a few moves.}
0-1
[Event "International Masters' Tournament"]
[Site "San Sebastian"]
[Date "1912.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Marshall"]
[Black "Forgács (Fleischmann)"]
[Result "1-0"]
[ECO "D33"]
[Opening "Queen's gambit"]
[Variation "[Tarrasch, Prague]"]
[Annotator "Mieses, J."]
[Mode "OTB"]
1. d4 d5 2. c4 e6 3. Nc3 c5 4. cxd5 exd5 5. Nf3 Nc6 6. g3 Nf6 7. Bg2 cxd4
{In this variation White seems in any case to get the better game. If so, either the exchance on d4 would be a mistake, or the entire system of defence introduced by c7-c5 were refuted.}
8. Nxd4 Qb6 9. Nxc6 bxc6 10. O-O Be6 11. e4 $1
{That is the right move and undoubtedly stronger than Na4.} (11. Na4)
11... Nxe4
{11. d5-d4 is answered by 12. Nc3-a5, Qb6-b4 (12... Qb6-d8; 13. e4-e5, Nf6-d5; 14. Qd1xd4 etc.); 13. a2-a3, Qb4-d6? 14. e4-e5!} (
11... d4 12. Na4 Qb4 (12... Qd8 13. e5 Nd5 14. Qxd4) 13. a3 Qd6 $2 14. e5 $1)
12. Nxe4 dxe4 13. Bxe4 Bc5 14. Qc2 $1 {Threatens b2-b4.} 14... Rc8 15. Bf4 Bd4
{Ra1-c1! threatened.} 16. Rae1 $1 O-O
{Black has nothing better. 16... Qb6xb2 does not suffice either, due to 17. Be4xc6+ and Qc2-a4.} (
16... Qxb2 17. Bxc6+) 17. Bxh7+ Kh8 18. Be5 $220 Rfd8
{After 18... Bd4xe5; 19. Re1xe5, the dangerous threat Re5-h5 cannot be parried. - The following amusing variation should be observed: 18... Qb6xb2?; 19. Be5xd4, Qb2xd4; 20. Re1-e4, Qd4-d8; 21. Re4-h4, g7-g5; 22. Bh7-g8+ and White wins.} (
18... Bxe5 19. Rxe5) (18... Qxb2 $2 19. Bxd4 Qxd4 20. Re4 Qd8 21. Rh4 g5
22. Bg8+) 19. Bf5 Bxf5 20. Qxf5 Bxe5
{Or 20... f7-f6; 21. Be5xd4, Qb6xd4; 22. Re1-e7 etc.} (20... f6 21. Bxd4 Qxd4
22. Re7) 21. Rxe5 Rf8 $2
{This gross error immediately loses the game, which, however, would hardly be tenable for Black in the long run. If, e.g., 21... Qb6xb2, then 22. Rf1-e1, Qb2xa2; 32.[sic] Re1-e4 and White wins (23... Qa2-b1+; Kg1-g2, Kh8-g8; 25. Re1-e8+ and the queen is captured.[sic - no closing bracket.]} (
21... Qxb2 22. Rfe1 Qxa2 23. R1e4 $18 Qb1+ 24. Kg2 Kg8 25. Re8+) 22. Qh3+ Kg8
23. Rh5
{Black resigns, since 23... f7-f5 is followed by 24. Rh5-h8+, Kg8-f7; 25. Qh3xf5+, Kf7-e7; 26. Rf1-e1+ etc.; or after 23... f7-f6, 24. Qh3-e6+ etc. decides. If, finally, 23... g7-g6, then 24. Rh5-h8+ and Qh3-h6+ etc. A game in Marshall's best style.}
1-0
[Event "Small Masters' Tournament"]
[Site "Budapest"]
[Date "1912.06.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Maroczy"]
[Black "Vidmar, Dr."]
[Result "1-0"]
[ECO "D34"]
[Opening "Queen's gambit"]
[Variation "[Tarrasch, Prague]"]
[Annotator "Mieses, J."]
[Mode "OTB"]
1. d4 d5 2. c4 e6 3. Nc3 c5 4. cxd5 exd5 5. Nf3 Nc6 6. g3 Nf6 7. Bg2 Be7
8. O-O O-O 9. dxc5 Bxc5 10. Bg5
{Worth considering was a2-a3 with b2-b4 and Bc1-b2.} (10. a3) 10... Be6 11. Rc1
{Also very good here would be Qd1-a4 and Ra1-d1.} (11. Qa4) 11... Be7 12. Nd4
{- 12. Qd1-a4 might be better.} (12. Qa4) 12... Nxd4 13. Qxd4 Qa5 14. a3
{Immediately b2-b4 would also do.} (14. b4) 14... Rac8 15. Nb1 h6 16. Bd2 Qa6
17. Bf3 Nd7 18. Bb4 Bf6 19. Qd2 Bg5 20. e3 Rfe8
{Black sacrifices a pawn to obtain attack.} 21. Rxc8 Rxc8 22. Bxd5 Ne5 23. Bg2
Bh3 $220 24. Qd5 $1 {The best! Now White gains the upper hand.} 24... Bxg2
25. Kxg2 Nc4 26. b3 Nb6 27. Qe4 Rd8 28. Nc3 Bf6 29. Rd1 Rxd1 30. Nxd1 Qb5
31. a4 Qd7 32. Nc3 a6 33. Bc5 $1 {Forces the exchange of knights.} 33... Bxc3
34. Bxb6 Bf6 35. Qc4 g6 36. e4 Kg7 37. Qd5
{The exchange of queens is a little early. White controls the board and could have further reinforced his own position.}
37... Qxd5 38. exd5 Kf8 39. Kf3 Ke8 40. Ke4 Kd7 41. Bc5 h5 42. f3 Bd8 $220
{More obvious here was h5-h4!, to play for counter-chances, after g3-g4, with h4-h3.} (
42... h4 $1 43. g4 h3) 43. g4 Bh4 44. gxh5 gxh5 45. Kf5 Bd8 46. h3 Bh4 47. Bf8
Bd8 48. Bc5 {White wants to gain time.} 48... Bh4 49. Bb4 Bd8 50. Ba3 Bh4
51. Bc5 Bd8 52. Bf8 Bh4 53. Ke5 Bd8 54. d6 h4 55. Kf5 $1 Ba5 56. Kg4 Be1
57. Be7 f6 58. Bxf6 Kxd6 59. Bxh4 Bc3 60. Bf2 Ke6 61. h4 b5 62. axb5 axb5
63. Kf4 {Black resigns.} 1-0
[Event "International Masters' Tournament"]
[Site "Karlsbad"]
[Date "1907.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Cohn, E."]
[Black "Chigorin"]
[Result "1-0"]
[ECO "A53"]
[Opening "Queen's pawn game"]
[Variation "[in fact an Old Indian]"]
[Annotator "Mieses, J."]
[Mode "OTB"]
1. d4 Nf6 2. c4 d6 3. Nc3 Nbd7 4. e4 e5 5. Nge2 Be7 6. g3 O-O 7. Bg2 Re8
8. O-O Bf8 9. h3 exd4 10. Qxd4
{With this move White plans a pawn sacrifice for the purpose of a speedy development.}
10... Ne5 {Now both Bc8xh3 and c7-c5 with Ne5xc4 threaten.} 11. f4 c5 12. Qf2
Nxc4 13. b3 Na5 14. Bb2
{It is clear that White's positional advantage more than outweigh the sacrificed pawn.}
14... Nc6 15. Rad1 {Threatens e4-e5.} 15... Qa5 16. g4 Nd4
{With this move Black hoped to liberate his game by giving back the pawn. Indeed, 17. Ne2xd4, c5xd4; 18. Rd1xd4 would be followed by d6-d5 with the threat Bf8-c5. White, however, has a very fine refutation of this manoeuvre.}
17. Nxd4 cxd4 18. b4 $1 (18. Rxd4 d5) 18... Qxb4 19. Rxd4 Qa5 20. g5 Nd7
21. Nd5 Qd8 22. h4 {White energetically proceeds with the attack.} 22... Nb6
23. f5 Nxd5
{The defensive system Nb6-d7-e5 was worth considering here, but even then White retains a very threatening attack position with Rd4-d3-g3.} (
23... Nd7 24. Rd3 Ne5 25. Rg3) 24. Rxd5 Bd7 25. e5 $1 Bc6 $220
{After 25... d6xe5, 26. f5-f6 and Bg2-h3 would have followed, not however Rf1-d1?, because of Qd8-c8 with the threat Bf8-c5.} (
25... dxe5 26. f6 (26. Rfd1 $2 Qc8)) 26. e6 $1
{A pretty, if obvious, quality sacrifice. The entire manner in which Erich Cohn handles this game, which justly received one of the brilliancy prizes of the tournament, deserves high praise.}
26... fxe6
{Or 26... Bc6xd5; 27. Bg2xd5, f7xe6; 28. f5xe6, Qd8-e7; 29. Qf2-d4 followed by Rf2-f7, and White wins.} (
26... Bxd5 27. Bxd5 fxe6 28. fxe6 Qe7 29. Qd4) 27. fxe6 Qe7
{One should here observe the pretty variation 27... Bc6xd5; 28. Qf2-f7+, Kg8-h8; 29. Bg2xd5 (threatens e6-e7), Re8-e7; 30. Qf7-f5, Kh8-g8; 31. Bd5-e4, g7-g6; 32. Qf5-f7+, Re7xf7; 33. e6xf7 mate.} (
27... Bxd5 28. Qf7+ Kh8 29. Bxd5 Re7 30. Qf5 Kg8 31. Be4 g6 32. Qf7+ Rxf7
33. exf7#) 28. Qf7+ Kh8 29. Rdf5 Qxf7 30. exf7 Re2 31. R1f2 Rxf2 32. Rxf2 d5
33. Bd4 $1 {The death blow, because h4-h5-h6 threatens.} 33... h5 34. g6 $1
{Now mate through Rf2-f5 threatens.} 34... Bd7 35. Re2 Bd6 36. Bh3 $1 Bb5
37. Re6
{Black resigns, since, if Bd6-c7, then 38. Bd4-c5, Bc7-b6; 39. Bc5xb6, a7xb6; 40. Re6-e5 with unpreventable mate on h5.}
1-0
[Event "Tournament"]
[Site "San Remo"]
[Date "1911.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Gunsberg"]
[Black "Przepiórka"]
[Result "1/2-1/2"]
[ECO "D60"]
[Opening "Queen's pawn game"]
[Variation "[in fact an orthodox QGD, Botvinnik variation]"]
[Annotator "Mieses, J."]
[Mode "OTB"]
1. d4 d5 2. Nf3 Nf6 3. c4 e6 4. Bg5 Be7 5. e3 O-O
{Castling at this spot has the drawback that White can castle queenside against it and then start an inexorable attack with h2-h4.}
6. Nc3 Nbd7 7. Bd3
{White chooses a tamer game plan than we would recommend; we would decidedly prefer Qc2 and 0-0-0.}
7... c5 8. Rc1 a6 9. O-O dxc4 10. Bxc4 b5 11. Bd3 Bb7 12. dxc5 Nxc5 13. Bb1 Rc8
14. Nd4 Qd7
{This move really contains a sly trap, in that it should deny the knight the retreat on d7 and thus suggest to the opponent the following mode of play.}
15. Bxf6 Bxf6 16. b4 Na4 17. Qd3 g6 18. Nxa4 bxa4
{White now has the satisfaction of having given his opponent a doubled edge pawn, but Przepiórka had looked forward to just this doubled pawn - and rightly so.}
19. Rcd1 Rfd8 20. Qe2 Qc7 21. a3 Qb6 22. Qg4 a5
{One sees, how correctly Black had judged the position: the doubled pawn is now exchanged off with a good game.}
23. bxa5 Qxa5 $220 24. Nxe6
{This, certainly obvious, sacrificial offering results in a series of lively combinations, which do not lack a certain piquancy.}
24... Rxd1 25. Rxd1 h5 $1
{Jetzt ist Dame und Springer angegriffen, und außerdem droht noch der starke Zug Da5-d5 (mit Angriff auf den Turm und Mattdrohung auf g2.)}
26. Qg3 $1 Qd2 27. Rf1 Rc1 28. Bd3 $1 Rxf1+
{The continuation 28... Bb7-e4 only leads to a draw as well, due to 29. Qg3-b8+, Kg8-h7; 30. Qb8-f8.} (
28... Be4 29. Qb8+ Kh7 30. Qf8) 29. Bxf1 Qc1 30. Qb8+ Bc8 31. Nc7 Be5 32. Qxc8+
Kh7 33. Qd7 Qxc7 34. Qxc7 Bxc7 35. Bb5 Bd6 36. Bxa4 Bxa3
{Terminated in a draw.} 1/2-1/2
[Event "International Masters' Tournamen"]
[Site "Karlsbad"]
[Date "1911.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Schlechter"]
[Black "Leonhardt"]
[Result "1-0"]
[ECO "D02"]
[Opening "Queen's pawn game"]
[Variation "[Krause]"]
[Annotator "Mieses, J."]
[Mode "OTB"]
1. d4 d5 2. Nf3 c5 3. Bf4 Qb6
{Preferable may well be 3... c5xd4; 4. Nf3xd4, Nb8-c6 with possibly f7-f6 and e7-e5.} (
3... cxd4 4. Nxd4 Nc6) 4. dxc5 Qxb2
{Qb6xc5 was decidedly better here. Black loses many tempi to capture a pawn, which he has to return anyway.} (
4... Qxc5) 5. Be5 Qb4+ 6. Nc3 e6 7. Rb1 Qxc5 8. Nb5 Na6 9. e3 f6
{Nf6 was preferable.} (9... Nf6) 10. Bd4 Qe7 11. Nxa7 Nc5 12. Nxc8 Rxc8
13. Bb5+ Kf7 14. O-O Qc7 15. c4 dxc4 16. Bxc4 Ne7 $220 17. Ne5+ $1
{Surprising and faultlessly correct! The entire game is a bold display of skill.}
17... fxe5 18. Qf3+ Kg6 {On Ke8, the same reply follows.} (18... Ke8 19. Bxc5
Qxc5 20. Bxe6) 19. Bxc5 Qxc5 20. Bxe6 h5 $2
{With h7-h6 Black could prevent the mate and offer resistance for a long time still.} (
20... h6) 21. Bf7+ {Resigned, since mate follows in a few moves.} 1-0
[Event "International Masters' Tournament"]
[Site "Bad Pistyan"]
[Date "1912.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Johner, P."]
[Black "Lowtzky"]
[Result "0-1"]
[ECO "D02"]
[Opening "Queen's pawn game"]
[Variation "[Krause]"]
[Annotator "Mieses, J."]
[Mode "OTB"]
1. d4 d5 2. Nf3 c5 3. e3 Nc6 4. c4 e6 5. a3 Nf6 6. Nbd2 a6
{a7-a5 is viable as well.} (6... a5) 7. dxc5 dxc4 8. Bxc4 Bxc5 9. b4 Be7
10. Bb2 b5 11. Bb3 $2
{An unfavourable square for the bishop, which had best go to e2.} (11. Be2)
11... O-O 12. e4
{That means a dubious weakening of the position. The best was probably Qe2, as Black threatens a6-a5.} (
12. Qe2) 12... a5 13. bxa5 Nxa5 14. O-O Ba6 15. Re1 Bc5
{Not the weakness of the move e3-e4 becomes apparent.} 16. e5 Ng4 17. Ne4 $220
Nxf2 $1
{A very beautiful sacrifice "on position", which appears to be completely correct.}
18. Nxf2 Qb6 19. Rf1
{Bad would be 19. Re2, because of 19... Rfd8; 20. Qc2, Rac8, and Bb3 is lost.} (
19. Re2 Rfd8 20. Qc2 Rac8) 19... Rfd8 {b5-b4 is a good continuation, too.} (
19... b4) 20. Qc2 Rac8 21. Ba2 Bxa3 $1 22. Qb1
{The sacrificial combination Qc2xc8 and Bb2-a3 fails on b5-b4.} (22. Qxc8 Rxc8
23. Bxa3 b4) 22... Bc5
{A good, but perhaps not the strongest continuation. The latter probably consists of Be7, at which White gets into an untenable position very soon.} (
22... Be7) 23. Ng5 g6 24. Qe4
{A far better defence would be offered by Ng5-e4. Black best replies to that with Be3.} (
24. Ne4 Be3) 24... Rd2 25. Qf4 Rxf2 26. Rxf2 Bxf2+ 27. Kh1 Rf8 28. Ne4 Qe3
29. Qxf2 Qxe4 30. Bb1 Qb4 31. Ba3 Qc3 32. Bb2 Qc7 33. Bd4
{If 33. Qf2-e1, then 33... Na5-c4. 33. Bb2-a3 is followed by Na4-b3.} (33. Qe1
Nc4) (33. Ba3 Nb3) 33... Bb7 34. Ba2 Rc8 35. Rf1 Nc6 36. Bb6 Qd7 37. h3 Nb4
38. Bb1 Nd5 39. Bd4 b4 40. Bd3 Nc3 41. Kh2 Be4 42. Bxe4 Nxe4 43. Qe3 Rc4
44. Bb2 Qd2 45. Qb3 Rc2 46. Qf3 Ng5 47. Qa8+ Kg7 48. Ba1 Qe2
{White resigns. A game which was handles strongly and elegantly by Lowsky.} 0-1
[Event "International Masters' Tournament"]
[Site "San Sebastian"]
[Date "1911.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Capablanca"]
[Black "Spielmann"]
[Result "1-0"]
[ECO "D02"]
[Opening "Queen's pawn game"]
[Variation "[Krause]"]
[Annotator "Mieses, J."]
[Mode "OTB"]
1. d4 d5 2. Nf3 c5 3. c3
{- e2-e3 is surely better, since the c-pawn belongs on c4.} 3... Nf6 4. e3 Nc6
{A risky pawn sacrifice. The correct move is e7-e6.} (4... e6) 5. dxc5 e5 6. b4
Qc7 {To protect the e-pawn.} 7. Bb2 Be6
{Better is Be7 and 0-0 followed by Bc8-g4.} 8. Nbd2 Be7 9. Be2 O-O 10. O-O Rad8
{Black may now have the better position, but no attack yet, and he is missing a pawn.}
11. Qc2 Bg4 12. e4 $2
{Only after this erroneous move does Black get an attacking position. Correct was Nd2-b3 to protect the bishop against the threat e5-e4.} (
12. Nb3) 12... dxe4 13. Nxe4 Nxe4 14. Qxe4 f5 $1 15. Qc4+
{The most obvious move, but not the best one, since very soon the white queen is troubled by Ne5. Preferable was Qc2 and after 15... e4; 16. Bc4+ and Nd4.} (
15. Qc2 e4 16. Bc4+ Kh8 17. Nd4) 15... Kh8 16. Rad1 e4 17. Nd4 Ne5 $1 18. Qb3
Bxe2 {If 18... Rd8xd4?, then 19. c3xd4, and White retains the advantage.} (
18... Rxd4 19. cxd4) 19. Nxe2 Ng4 20. Ng3 $220 f4 $1
{Very strongly played. The e-pawn must now not be taken because of f4-f3, g2-g3, and the black queen threatens to reach h3 over e5. If 21. Ng3xe4, then 21... f4-f3; 22. Ne4-g3, f3xg2; 23. Kg1xg2, Qc7-c6+ etc.}
21. Rxd8 (21. Nxe4 f3 22. g3 (22. Ng3 fxg2 23. Kxg2 Qc6+) 22... Qe5) 21... Rxd8
22. Qe6 $1 {The best defence.} 22... fxg3 23. Qxg4 gxh2+ $2
{The deciding error. Black had to take the other pawn: 23. g3xf2+; 24. Rf1xf2, e4-e3; 25. Rf2-f1, Qc7-e5; 26. Rf1-e1, Be7-g5 with a very strong game for Black.} (
23... gxf2+ 24. Rxf2 e3 25. Rf1 Qe5 26. Re1 Bg5) 24. Kh1 Qe5 25. Re1
{There now follows a fast, sharp ending.} 25... Rd2 26. Rxe4
{Not Qe4:, because of the queen exchange and Bf8.} (26. Qxe4 $2 Qxe4 27. Rxe4
Bf8) 26... Qc7
{A longer opposition would be provided by 26... Rd2-d1+; 27. Qg4xd1, Qe5xe4; 28. Kh1xh2, h7-h6 and Be7-f6.} (
26... Rd1+ 27. Qxd1 Qxe4 28. Kxh2 h6) 27. Bc1 Rxf2 28. Bf4 $1 Qd8 29. Rxe7 Qf8
30. Qxg7+ $1 {Black resigns, since on Qf8xg7 follows Re7-e8+ etc.} 1-0
[Event "Masters' Tournament"]
[Site "New York"]
[Date "1913.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Chajes, O."]
[Black "Marshall"]
[Result "0-1"]
[ECO "D04"]
[Opening "Queen's pawn game"]
[Annotator "Mieses, J."]
[Mode "OTB"]
1. d4 d5 2. Nf3 Nf6 3. e3 Nbd7 4. Bd3
{With 4. c2-c4, the now following advance would be prevented.} (4. c4) 4... e5
$1 $146 {A novelty, which seems to be very good.} 5. dxe5
{White may be able to maintain the pawn with 5. Nf3xe5, Nd7xe5; 6. d4xe5, Nf6-g4; 7. f2-f4, but then gets an unfavourable position with 7... Bf8-c5; 8. Qd1-e2, Qd8-h4+; 9. g2-g3, Qh4-h3.} (
5. Nxe5 Nxe5 6. dxe5 Ng4 7. f4 Bc5 8. Qe2 Qh4+ 9. g3 Qh3) 5... Ng4 6. e6 $2
{A bad move, since now the enemy's centre becomes strong. Better would be 6. Bd3-e2, Nd7xe5; 7. h2-h3, Ne5xf3+; 8. Be2xf3, Ng4-f6 with an approximately equal game.} (
6. Be2 Ndxe5 7. h3 Nxf3+ 8. Bxf3 Nf6) 6... fxe6 7. h3 Ngf6 8. Ng5
{An over-early attack. 8. c2-c4 and Nb1-c3 should rather be done.} (8. c4)
8... Ne5 9. Be2 Bc5 10. f4 Nf7 11. Bd3 {Preferable is Ng5xf7.} (11. Nxf7)
11... Qe7 12. Qe2 O-O 13. O-O e5 $1 14. Nxf7 Rxf7 15. fxe5 Qxe5 16. Nc3 Bd7
17. Bd2 Re8 18. Rae1 d4
{The white position now rapidly breaks apart under Marshall's strong attack.}
19. Nd1 Bd6 20. g4 {If Rf1-f4, then g7-g5.} (20. Rf4 g5) 20... Bc6 $220 21. Qf2
{If 21. Rf1-f2, then Qe5-g3+ etc.} (21. Rf2 Qg3+) 21... Kh8 22. Re2
{Or 22. e3xd4, Qe5-d5. With the text move, White wants to counter the threat Nf6xg4 (followed by Qe5-h2+ and Bd6xh2 mate).} (
22. exd4 Qd5) 22... Nxg4 23. exd4 Rxf2 24. dxe5 Rxe2 25. Bxe2 Bc5+ 26. Nf2 Nxf2
27. Rxf2 Rxe5 28. b4 Bb6 29. Kf1 Bxf2 30. Kxf2 Be4 31. c4 Re7 {and Black wins.}
0-1
[Event "International Masters' Tournament"]
[Site "St. Petersburg"]
[Date "1909.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Vidmar"]
[Black "Spielmann"]
[Result "0-1"]
[ECO "A84"]
[Opening "Dutch opening"]
[Variation "[Rubinstein]"]
[Annotator "Mieses, J."]
[Mode "OTB"]
1. d4 f5 2. c4 e6 3. Nc3 Nf6 4. e3 Bb4 5. Bd3 Bxc3+ $1 6. bxc3 c5 $1 7. Ne2
{Lasker recommends 7. c1-a3 as the best move here.} (7. Ba3) 7... d6 8. Qc2 Qe7
9. O-O g6 10. e4 $220 e5 $1
{Very well played. The double pawn on the c-line blocks the white queenside. Black now threatens to close in the kingsize as well with f5-f4. White cannot take the pawn on f5 now, because of e5-e4.}
11. f4 $1 (11. exf5 e4) 11... fxe4 12. Bxe4 Nxe4 13. Qxe4 Bf5 14. Qe3 Nd7
15. fxe5 dxe5 16. Ng3 O-O 17. Bd2 Rae8 18. Rae1 Qd6 19. Qh6
{In view of his unfavourable pawn structure on the c- and d-line, White decides on a combination through which he hopes to get himself a free position by giving up a pawn.}
19... Bd3 20. Rxf8+ Rxf8 21. Qe3 Bxc4 22. dxe5 Nxe5 23. Ne4 Qd5 24. Qxc5 Qf7
25. Nf2 Qxf2+
{The strongest continuation here consisted of 25... b7-b6; 26. Qc5-d4, Ne5-g4!; 27. Bd2-e3, Ng4xe3; 28. Qd4xe3, Bc4xxa2; 29. Nf23-g4, Qf7-f4, and Black has the strong passed pawn a7.} (
25... b6 26. Qd4 Ng4 $1 27. Be3 Nxe3 28. Qxe3 Bxa2 29. Ng4 Qf4) 26. Qxf2 Rxf2
27. Kxf2 Nd3+ 28. Ke3 Nxe1 29. Bxe1 Bxa2 30. Kd4 Kf7 31. Ke5 $2
{With 31. h2-h4 and Kd4-c5-b4, White could have kept the game a draw.} (31. h4)
31... Bc4 32. Bf2 a5 33. Bb6 a4 34. Bc5 Bf1 35. g3 Bh3 $1
{Spielmann handles the endgame extraordinarily finely.} 36. Ba3 g5 37. Bb4 Kg6
38. c4 Kh5 39. Kf6 Kg4 40. Ba3 Bg2 41. Bd6 Bf1 42. Kg7 Kf5
{A very interesting and educational endgame.} 43. c5 a3 44. c6 a2 45. g4+ Ke4
46. Be5 bxc6 $1
{After 46... Ke4xe5; 47. c6xb7 etc. White retains large drawing chances.} (
46... Kxe5 47. cxb7) 47. Ba1 c5 48. Kxh7 c4 49. Kg6 Kd3 50. Kxg5 c3 {Resigned.}
0-1
[Event "International Masters' Tournament"]
[Site "San Sebastian"]
[Date "1912.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Rubinstein"]
[Black "Spielmann"]
[Result "0-1"]
[ECO "A84"]
[Opening "Dutch opening"]
[Variation "[Rubinstein]"]
[Annotator "Mieses, J."]
[Mode "OTB"]
1. d4 e6 2. c4 f5
{Dutch opening with transposition, through which Black avoids 2. e2-e4.} 3. Nc3
Bb4 4. Bd2 $1 Nf6 5. g3
{a2-a3 with Bd3 and on occasion Nge2 would be somewhat more to our liking.} (
5. e3 O-O 6. Bd3) 5... O-O 6. Bg2 d6 7. a3 Bxc3 8. Bxc3 Nbd7 9. Qc2 c5 10. dxc5
{10. Ng1-f3 is apparently better, since Black would then probably have played 10... c5xd4; 11. Nf3xd4, Nd7-c5, and the knight would then stand on d4 instead of on g1.} (
10. Nf3 cxd4 11. Nxd4 Nc5) 10... Nxc5 11. Nf3 Nce4 12. O-O Bd7 13. Rfd1
{The a-rook should have been played here; the f-rook had, as is shown later, to stay where it is to defend the square f2.} (
13. Rad1) 13... Rc8 14. Bxf6
{To give away the important bishop for the knight is erroneous, although this way the pawn on c4 is protected with tempo gain.}
14... Qxf6 15. Qb3 Rc7 16. Ne1
{Ra1-c1 would be followed by Rf8-c8 with the threat b7-b5. Black has exploited the small positional errors, which his opponent has made, excellently. His position is already decidedly preferable.} (
16. Rac1 Rfc8) 16... Nc5 17. Qb4 f4
{Spielmann switches to the attack, which he handles with the usual strength and finesse, in the right moment.}
18. Nd3
{At 18. Ne1-f3, the second player would have the good continuation 18... f4xg3; 19. f2xg3, e6-e5 to his command.} (
18. Nf3 fxg3 19. fxg3 e5) 18... fxg3 19. fxg3 Nxd3 20. Rxd3 Qf2+ 21. Kh1 Bc6
{If 21... Qf2xe2, then 22. Rd3-d2, Qe2xc4; 23. Qb4xc4, Rc7xc4; 24. Rd2xd6, and the game looks like a draw.} (
21... Qxe2 22. Rd2 Qxc4 23. Qxc4 Rxc4 24. Rxd6) 22. e4 Rcf7 23. Re1
{Black threatened Qf2-e2.} 23... a5 $1
{Excellently played; the enemy's queen has to be deflected from c5.} 24. Qc3
Qc5 25. b4 $220 Bxe4 $1 {Brilliant and correct.} 26. Rxe4
{After 26. Bg2xe4, the following winning continuation for Black could occur: 26... Rf7-f1+; 27. Re1xf1, Rf8xf1+; 28. Kh1-g2, Rf1-g1+!; 29. Kg2-f3, Qc5-h5+; 30. Kf3-e3, Qh5xh2 etc.} (
26. Bxe4 Rf1+ 27. Rxf1 Rxf1+ 28. Kg2 Rg1+ $1 29. Kf3 Qh5+ 30. Ke3 Qxh2)
26... Rf1+ 27. Bxf1 Rxf1+ 28. Kg2 Qf2+ 29. Kh3 Rh1 30. Rf3 $1 Qxh2+ 31. Kg4
Qh5+ 32. Kf4 Qh6+ 33. Kg4 g5 34. Rxe6 {Forced.} 34... Qxe6+ $220 35. Rf5
{White cannot save himself with 35. Kg4xg5 either, since what then happens is: 35... h7-h6+; 36. Kg5-f4, Rh1-e1; 37. Rf3-e3 (or 37. Qc3-d4, Qe6-f7+; 38. Kf4-g4, Qf7-g6+ etc.), Re1-f1+; 38. Re3-f3, Qe6-f7+; 39. Kf4-e4, Rf1xf3; 40. Qc3xf3, Qf7xc4+ with exchange of queens and a won pawn endgame.} (
35. Kxg5 h6+ 36. Kf4 Re1 37. Re3 (37. Qd4 Qf7+ 38. Kg4 Qg6+) 37... Rf1+ 38. Rf3
Qf7+ 39. Ke4 Rxf3 40. Qxf3 Qxc4+) 35... h6
{That does suffice for victory as well, but this could be forced even faster and prettier through 35... Qe6-e4+; 36. Kg4xg5, h7-h6+; 37. Kg5-f6, Rh1-e1; 38. Kf6-g6, Qe4-g4+. - A small beauty fault, which, however, does not detract from the value of this excellent game.} (
35... Qe4+ 36. Kxg5 h6+ 37. Kf6 Re1 38. Kg6 Qg4+) 36. Qd3 Kg7 37. Kf3 Rf1+ $1
38. Qxf1 Qxf5+ 39. Kg2 Qxf1+ 40. Kxf1 axb4 41. axb4 Kf6 42. Kf2 Kf5
{White resigns.} 0-1
[Event "International Masters' Tournament"]
[Site "San Sebastian"]
[Date "1912.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Marshall"]
[Black "Leonhardt"]
[Result "1-0"]
[ECO "A84"]
[Opening "Dutch opening"]
[Variation "[Rubinstein]"]
[Annotator "Mieses, J."]
[Mode "OTB"]
1. d4 e6 2. c4 f5 3. Nc3 Bb4 4. Qb3 Bxc3+ 5. bxc3
{This seems to be better than Qc3:, which was always played here before.} (
5. Qxc3) 5... Nf6 6. Nf3 O-O 7. Ba3 d6 8. e3
{Perhaps an immediate c4-c5 would be the best.} (8. c5) 8... b6 9. c5
{This is now necessary, because if Black manages c7-c5, he stands better.}
9... bxc5 10. dxc5 Ne4 11. cxd6 cxd6 12. Bc4 Re8 13. O-O Na6 14. Rad1 Nac5
15. Qc2 Qa5 16. Bb4 Qc7
{Through the queen moves Black wanted to give himself the opportunity to later play a7-a5 with tempo gain. However, it seems, remarkably, that Black can in the long run not maintain the favourable position his knight has reached.}
17. Nd4 a5 $220 18. f3
{The best. From now on Black gets the disadvantage. A very interesting position.}
18... axb4 19. cxb4 Qb7
{Nd4-b5 threatened, if the knight on e4 moves. The other knight can, to prevent the loss of the queen by Be4xe6+, only move to a6, which is followed by f3xe4 with a dominant game. [The text gives this move as Qc7-a7, and move 21 as Qa7-b7, but the other moves (in particular 26. Bc8-a6) show that these moves must have been made the other way around. Another source I have of this game confirms this order as well.]} (
19... Nf6 20. Nb5) (19... Na6 20. fxe4) 20. bxc5 Nxc5 21. Nxf5 Qa7 22. Nxd6 Rf8
23. Ne4 Nxe4 24. Qxe4 Kh8 25. Bd3 g6 26. Bc4 Ba6 27. Bxa6 Qxa6 28. Rd7 Qb5
29. Qxe6 Rae8 30. Qd6 Qb2 31. e4 {Resigned.} 1-0
[Event "International Masters' Tournament"]
[Site "Karlsbad"]
[Date "1911.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Rubinstein"]
[Black "Duras"]
[Result "1-0"]
[ECO "A22"]
[Opening "Irregular opening"]
[Variation "[English, Bremen - Smyslov]"]
[Annotator "Mieses, J."]
[Mode "OTB"]
1. c4 e5
{Now White plays Sicilian in the attack, which has to be good in any case. As is known, in his famous match with Morphy Anderssen chose a2-a3 as his first move several times, to answer e7-e5 with c2-c4 and thus play the Sicilian opening with a tempo more.}
2. Nc3 Nf6 3. g3 Bb4 4. Bg2 O-O 5. Nf3 Re8
{Not good would be e5-e4, because of Ng5.} (5... e4 6. Ng5) 6. O-O Nc6
{Here Black should play Bc3: and d7-d5. After the text move White obtains the better game.} (
6... Bxc3 7. bxc3 d5) 7. Nd5 $1 Bf8 8. d3 h6
{Black has to prevent Bg5, of course.} 9. b3 d6 10. Bb2 Nxd5 11. cxd5 Ne7
12. e4 c5 $1
{If Black does not do this, White immediately occupies the c-line with Rc1.}
13. dxc6 Nxc6 14. d4 $1 Bg4 15. d5 Ne7 16. Qd3 Qd7 17. Nd2 Bh3 $220
{Here, Black passes over the opportunity to occupy the c-line with Rc8, and in the following he does not get to make this so important manoeuvre any more.}
18. a4 $1
{This move is founded on a well thought through strategic plan: the battle is for now about the occupation of the c-line. White wants to achieve this by posting the knight on c4 and then double the rooks behind it. The text move is necessary to prevent b7-b5 and Rc8.}
18... Bxg2 19. Kxg2 Reb8 20. Nc4 $1
{White intentionally gives his opponent a counterchance, that is, the weak pawn on b3. The following shows, however, how correctly Rubinstein judges the position, since the b3 pawn can be defended, while the enemy's a-pawn becomes untenable.}
20... b5 21. axb5 Qxb5 22. Ra3 Ng6 23. Rfa1 a6 24. Bc1 Rb7 25. Be3 f6 $1 26. f3
$1
{If White immediately moves Qd3-f1 (with the threat Nc4-d2), then 26... f7[sic]-f5; 27. f2-f3, f5xe4; 28. f3xe4, Rb7-f7 could follow, and Black then gets attacking chances on the f-line.} (
26. Qf1 f5 27. f3 fxe4 28. fxe4 Rf7) 26... Ne7 27. Qf1 Nc8 28. Nd2 Qb4 29. Qc4
$1
{This is better than taking the a-pawn immediately, because Black then finds a small counterweight in the occupation of the c-line.}
29... Qxc4 30. Nxc4 Rab8 31. Nd2
{The goal has been reached: the b-pawn is protected, and the pawn on a6 falls.}
31... Rc7 32. Rxa6 Rc2 33. R6a2 Rxa2 34. Rxa2 Be7 35. Kf2 Kf7 36. Ke2 Ke8
37. Kd3 Kd7 38. Kc3 Bd8 39. Nc4 Bc7 40. g4 Bd8 41. Ra6
{To h2-h4, Black would answer f6-f5. The ending of the game is now only an execution, which White handles with faultless technique.} (
41. h4 f5) 41... Bc7 42. h4 Bd8 43. h5 Bc7 44. b4 Rb7 45. Ra8 Kd8 46. Kb3 Rb8
47. Rxb8 Bxb8 48. b5 Ne7 49. b6 f5 50. gxf5 Ng8 51. Bf2 Kc8 52. Bh4
{Black resigns. A true Rubinstein-game, handled from beginning to end in the most modern positional style.}
1-0
[Event "International Tournament"]
[Site "Bad Pistyan"]
[Date "1912.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Rubinstein"]
[Black "Spielmann"]
[Result "0-1"]
[ECO "A43"]
[Opening "Irregular opening"]
[Variation "[Old Benoni]"]
[Annotator "Mieses, J."]
[Mode "OTB"]
1. d4 c5 2. d5 {Opinions are divided as to whether that is the best.} 2... d6
3. c4 g6 4. e4 Bg7 $1 5. Bd3 e6
{That seems to us to be a very good treatment of the opening. Black doesn't want to develop his knight to f6, as is usual here, but to e7.}
6. Nc3 Ne7 7. Nge2 exd5 8. exd5
{If White plays cd, Black will later get the opportunity to play f7-f5.} (
8. cxd5) 8... Nd7
{The good looking move Bc8-f5 does not work here due to Bc1-f4, since then Nb8-d7 becomes impossible because the d-pawn would be unprotected.} (
8... Bf5 9. Bf4 Nd7 10. Bxd6) 9. f4
{This weakens the position and lays the foundation for the loss of the game. Bc1-f4 would be recommendable here. White apparently wanted to prevent Ne5.} (
9. Bf4 Ne5) 9... Nf6 10. Ng3 h5 $1
{An energetic attack in the right moment - entirely in Spielmann's style.}
11. O-O h4 12. Nge4 Nxe4 13. Bxe4
{White must not take with the knight, since then Bg7-d4+ happens, followed by Ne7-f5 with the unpleasant threat Nf5-g3+.} (
13. Nxe4 Bd4+ 14. Kh1 Nf5) 13... Bd4+ 14. Kh1 Nf5 15. Bxf5 Bxf5 16. Re1+ Kf8
17. Qf3
{White could still have defended himself adequately here with h2-h3. After the text move his position becomes untenable.} (
17. h3) 17... h3 $1 {Nobody plays such positions better than Spielmann.} 18. g3
{After g2-g4, Black would win with Qh4.} (18. g4 Qh4) 18... Qd7 19. Bd2
{After Be3, Bc3:, bc, Black retains a strong attack position as well.} (19. Be3
Bxc3 20. bxc3) 19... Bg4 20. Qf1 $1 {Nt Qf3-g3[sic], because of Qd7-f5!} (
20. Qd3 Qf5 $1) 20... Qf5 {Now Qf5-c2 threatens.} 21. Rac1
{If Nc3-b5, then Bf6xb2; 22. Nb5xd6, Qf5-c2, which wins the quality.} (21. Nb5
Bxb2 22. Nxd6 Qc2) 21... Kg7 22. Be3
{Or 22. Nc3-b5, Ra8-d8; 23. Nf5[sic]xd4, c4xd5, and Black has a strong passed pawn.} (
22. Nb5 Rad8 23. Nxd4 cxd4) 22... Bf6 23. b3 Rhe8 24. Bf2
{Black threatened to double the rooks on the e-line. After Be3-d2, probably Re8xe1 and Qf5-c2 would have happened.} (
24. Bd2 Rxe1 25. Rxe1 Qc2) 24... Bf3+ 25. Kg1 Bg2 26. Rxe8
{White has nothing else.} 26... Bxf1 27. Rxa8 $220 Qd3 $1
{Spielmann handles the attack quite excellently. Less good would have been, e.g., Bf6xc3. After that White may not have taken either bishop, since after Rc1xc3 comes Qf5-b1 and after Kg1xf1, Qf5-d3+ etc. happens, but White answers Bf6xc3 with Ra8-e8! and if then Qf5-d3, then Re8-e3!} (
27... Bxc3 28. Rxc3 (28. Kxf1 Qd3+) (28. Re8 $1 Qd3 29. Re3) 28... Qb1) 28. Re8
Qf3 29. Kxf1 Qh1+ 30. Bg1 Qg2+ 31. Ke1 Qxg1+ 32. Kd2 Qxh2+
{White resigns, as the h-pawn cannot be stopped.} 0-1
[Event "International Masters' Tournament"]
[Site "Breslau"]
[Date "1912.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Carls"]
[Black "Tarrasch, Dr."]
[Result "1-0"]
[ECO "A13"]
[Opening "Irregular opening"]
[Variation "[English]"]
[Annotator "Mieses, J."]
[Mode "OTB"]
1. c4 e6 2. g3 d5 3. Bg2 d4 {Of dubious value.} 4. f4 c5 5. e4 $1 Nc6
{After 5... d4xe3; 6. d2xe3, Qd8xe1+; 7. Ke1xd1 Black has difficulties developing due to the weakness of square b7.} (
5... dxe3 6. dxe3 Qxd1+ 7. Kxd1) 6. Nf3 Be7 7. d3 Bd7 8. Na3 a6 9. Bd2 Rb8
10. O-O b5 11. b3 b4
{That Black attacks on the queenside before completing his development seems to indicate that he himself sees his kingside position as unfavourable. It were inconsistent then, though, to rob himself of the possibility of a queenside breakthrough with this move. Apart from that the c-pawn becomes backwards, which White makes use of very soon.}
12. Nc2 Bd6
{After Ng8-f6, e4-e5 would have enforced the retreat of the knight to g8.} (
12... Nf6 13. e5 Ng8) 13. Nce1 $1
{This is even stronger than the equally considerable manoeuvre 13. e4-e5 and Nf3-g4[sic]-e4.} (
13. e5 Be7 14. Ng5) 13... Nge7 14. Qe2 O-O
{After 14... f7-f6, White would have the strong continuation 15. e4-e5, f6xe5; 16. f4xe5, Bd6-c7; 17. Nf3-g5, Nc6xe5; 18. Ne1-f3, Ne7-g6; 19. Nf3xe5, Ng6xe5; 20. Bd2-f4 etc.} (
14... f6 15. e5 fxe5 16. fxe5 Bc7 17. Ng5 Nxe5 18. Nef3 N7g6 19. Nxe5 Nxe5
20. Bf4) 15. e5 Bc7 16. Ng5 h6
{This weakening seems unavoidable as well, as after Qe2-h5 sacrificial combinations already threaten.}
17. Ne4 Bb6 18. Nf3 Kh8 19. Nh4 Nf5 20. Nxf5 exf5 21. Nd6 g6
{The only possibility to parry the threats Nd6xf5 and Qe2-h5 at the same time.}
22. Bd5 Be8
{After 22... Kh8-g7 as well as after 22... Qd8-e7, Ra1-e1 would have followed. In the first case, Nd6xf7 or Bd5xf7 would immediately have threatened again, in the other case the queen would be in the rook's line of fire and would have denied the knight the, in some circumstances important, retreat square e7.} (
22... Kg7 23. Rae1) (22... Qe7 23. Rae1) 23. g4 $1
{This excellent move ensures the cooperation of the bishop on d2 in the attack and, in connection with the next move, make the most energetic use of the weakness of the black game.}
23... fxg4 24. f5 g5
{Black can, of course, afford to allow neither Bd2-h6 nor f5xg6.} 25. Rae1 $1
f6 26. Bxc6 Bxc6 27. Qxg4 fxe5 28. Rxe5 Rf6 $220
{It is clear that after Qd8xd6, White wins with Re5-e6, while now Black could still put up longer resistance after the obvious moves Re5-e6 or Nd6-e4.} (
28... Qxd6 29. Re6) 29. Bxg5 $1 {This sacrifice is of decisive power.} (29. Re6) (
29. Ne4) 29... Qxd6
{29. h6xg5[sic - no ellipsis] is followed by Qg4-h5+, Kh8-g7; 31. Qh5xg5+, Kg7-f8; 32. Re5-e6 etc.; or 31... Kg7-h7; 32. Rf1-f4 etc.} (
29... hxg5 30. Qh5+ Kg7 31. Qxg5+ Kf8 (31... Kh7 32. Rf4) 32. Re6) 30. Bxf6+
Qxf6 31. Re6 Qxe6 32. fxe6 Rg8 33. Qxg8+ Kxg8
{[This move is given in the text as Kh8-g8.]} 34. e7
{Black resigns. Carls' performance in this game deserves the highest praise.}
1-0
[Event "International Masters' Tournament"]
[Site "San Sebastian"]
[Date "1912.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Teichmann"]
[Black "Duras"]
[Result "0-1"]
[ECO "A50"]
[Opening "Irregular opening"]
[Variation "[Queen's Indian accelerated]"]
[Annotator "Mieses, J."]
[Mode "OTB"]
1. d4 Nf6 2. c4 b6 3. Nc3 Bb7 4. Nf3 d5
{Not recommendable, as Black does not keep a pawn in the centre.} 5. cxd5 Nxd5
6. e3 e6 7. Bb5+ c6 8. Bd3 Bd6 9. O-O Nd7 10. Ne4 Bc7 11. Bd2 O-O 12. Rc1 e5
13. Ng3 exd4 14. exd4 Nf4 {Through this move Black gets into great trouble.}
15. Be4 Rc8 16. Qa4 Nb8 17. Rfe1
{If 17. Bf5, then 17.[sic - no ellipsis] Bb7-a6.} (17. Bf5 Ba6) 17... a5
18. Qc2 g6 19. Rcd1 Nd5 20. Bg5 Qd6 21. Qd2
{Here White neglects the continuation 21. Be4xd5, Qd6xd5 (else the quality is lost through Bg5-e7); 22. Ng3-e4 with an overwhelming attack.} (
21. Bxd5 Qxd5 (21... cxd5 22. Be7) 22. Ne4) 21... f6 22. Bh6 Rf7 23. Bc2 Nd7
24. a3 Nf8 25. Bb3 Rd8 26. Qc2 Bc8 27. Rc1 Bb7 28. Ne4
{White is entirely dominant. Immediately Ba4 would probably be better and would have forced b6-b5.} (
28. Ba4 b5) 28... Qd7 29. Ba4 Rc8 30. Nc3 Qg4 31. Nxd5 cxd5 $220 32. Be8 $1
{A sparkling combination! The leader of the white pieces would surely have deserved the rewards for his hard labour.}
32... Bf4 33. Bxf7+ Kxf7 34. Qe2 Bxh6 35. Ne5+ fxe5 36. Qxg4 Bxc1 37. dxe5 $2
{White overestimates the value of the passed pawn. The victory could have been enforced with 37. Re1xe5. After the text move, a twist in favour of the second player takes place.} (
37. Rxe5) 37... Bxb2 38. h4 Ke8 39. Rb1 Rc4 40. Qg5 Bd4 41. Rd1
{Rb1-b3 is better, but it is doubtful whether the game could be saved even then.} (
41. Rb3) 41... Bc5 42. Rd2 Bxa3 43. Qf6 Rc6 44. Qg7 Be7 45. Rd3 a4 46. Rf3 Ne6
47. Qxh7 a3 48. Rf7 Rc7 49. Qxg6 a2 50. Qxe6 a1=Q+ 51. Kh2 Qa4 52. f4 Qc6
53. Qf5 Qh6 54. Rh7 Qf8 55. Qg6+ Kd8 56. Rf7 Qh8 57. h5 Rc6 58. Rh7
{58. e5-e6 would be followed by 58... Rc6xe6; 59. Qg6xe7, Qh8xh5+ with mate in a few moves or capture of the rook on f7.} (
58. e6 Rxe6 59. Qxe6 Qxh5+) 58... Qf8 59. Qg4 Bc8 60. Qf3 Qg8 61. Qd3 Bd7
{White resigns.} 0-1
[Event "International Masters' Tournament"]
[Site "Breslau"]
[Date "1912.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Carls"]
[Black "Spielmann"]
[Result "1-0"]
[ECO "A25"]
[Opening "Irregular opening"]
[Variation "[English, closed]"]
[Annotator "Mieses, J."]
[Mode "OTB"]
1. c4 e5 2. Nc3 Nc6 3. g3 g6 4. Bg2 Nge7 5. d3 Bg7 6. Bg5 h6 7. Be3 O-O 8. Qd2
Nf5 {8... Kh7 is followed by h2-h4 with a strong attack.} (8... Kh7 9. h4)
9. Nf3 d6 10. O-O Be6 11. Rac1 Qd7 12. Qc2
{This move is meant to prepare Nd5, which is not yet possible because of Bd5: and Ne7, after which the d-pawn "hangs".} (
12. Nd5 Bxd5 13. cxd5 Nce7) 12... Ncd4 13. Bxd4 Nxd4 14. Nxd4 exd4 15. Nd5 g5
{Black now threatens to capture the knight with c7-c6 and a7-a5.} 16. f4 $1 f5
{c7-c6 is followed by f4-f5.} (16... c6 17. f5) 17. fxg5 hxg5 18. Qd2 c6 $220
{[In the diagram, the c1 rook is still on a1.]} 19. Qxg5 $1
{Excellently played. The elegant sacrifice is entirely correct.} 19... cxd5
20. cxd5 Bf7 21. Rxf5 Rfe8 22. Be4 $1 Re7
{After Re5, the rook exchange followed by Qh4 decides.} (22... Re5 23. Rxe5
dxe5 24. Qh4) 23. Rcf1
{[In accordance with the diagram at move 19, this move is written as Ta1-f1, as if White had never played move 11.]}
23... Qe8 24. h4 $1 {A fine refutation of the threat Bf7-g6.} 24... Bg6
25. Rf8+ Bxf8 26. Bxg6 Qd8 27. Bf7+ {and mate in two moves.} 1-0
[Event "International Masters' Tournament"]
[Site "Breslau"]
[Date "1912.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Breyer"]
[Black "Mieses, J."]
[Result "0-1"]
[ECO "A43"]
[Opening "Irregular opening"]
[Variation "[Old Benoni]"]
[Annotator "Mieses, J."]
[Mode "OTB"]
1. d4 c5
{Spielmann chhose the same line of play in the Bad Pistyan tournament against Rubinstein. About its value opinions differ, but in any case it has this one advantage, that the well-trodden paths of the queen's pawn game are avoided, and both players "are dependent on the resources of their own genius".}
2. d5 d6 3. e4 g6 4. Bd2 Bg7 5. Bc3
{The biship is undoubtedly well posted on c3, nevertheless this development system seems a little convoluted.}
5... Nf6 6. Nd2 O-O 7. f4 e6 8. dxe6 fxe6 $1 9. g3 d5 $1 10. Bxf6 Bxf6 11. e5
Bg7 12. Ngf3 Nc6 13. h4
{The attacking chances on the kingside offer White the only counterweight against the strong central position of the second player.}
13... Ne7 $1 14. Bh3 Nf5 15. Bxf5 Rxf5
{Two bishops against two knights are almost always to be preferred.} 16. Qe2
Bd7 17. O-O-O b5 $1
{Now Black also starts an energetic attack. In this game an old rule from experience is confirmed: in positions in which one had castled kingside, the other queenside, and where both sides attack equally sharply, the attack against the queenside castle is usually successful.}
18. Nf1 Qa5 19. Ne3 $220 Qxa2 $1
{An attacking player will not readily let the opportunity for such a quality sacrifice pass him by. It is somewhat irresponsible of White to give his opponent this chance.}
20. Nxf5 gxf5 21. Nd2 c4 22. Nb1 b4
{Now c4-c3 with b4-b3 and Rb8 threaten already.} 23. c3 Rb8 $1 24. cxb4 Rxb4
25. Rd4 Ba4 26. Rf1 Bf8 $1
{Black finds the strongest attacking moves throughout. The white position is already no longer tenable; the game now takes a sharp final turn.}
27. Rf3 c3 $1 28. Rxb4 c2 29. Qxc2
{White has nothing better, as can be easily seen.} 29... Bxc2 30. Kxc2 Bxb4
{and White resigned after a few more moves.} 0-1
[Event "National Russian Masters' Tournament"]
[Site "Vilnius"]
[Date "1912.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Alekhine"]
[Black "Levitsky"]
[Result "0-1"]
[ECO "A22"]
[Opening "Irregular opening"]
[Variation "[English, Bremen]"]
[Annotator "Mieses, J."]
[Mode "OTB"]
1. c4 e5 {White now plays Sicilian in the attack.} 2. Nc3 Nf6 3. g3 Bc5
{The, in the Sicilian game usual, attack with the queen pawn's double move would here - with a tempo less - not recommendable.}
4. Bg2 Nc6 5. d3 a6 $1 {To ensure a hiding place for the bishop against Na4.}
6. a3 d6 7. Nf3 h6
{Again very correctly played. Something had to happen against Be1-g5 (h7-h6, Bg5xf6, Qd8xf6, Nc3-e4). Up to now this was not yet necessary, since Bg5 would have been erroneous because of the reply Bc5xf2+ and Nf6-g4+.}
8. Nd5 {This is too early. For now, further development was in order.} 8... Be6
9. Qb3
{Necessary, since White would lose tempi through the exchange of the knight.}
9... O-O $1
{Well played! The b-pawn does not require direct protection; if White takes it, he is in danger of losing his queen: 10. Qb3xb7?, Be6xd5 and Nc6-a5. Or 10. Nd5xf6+, Qd8xf6; Qb3xb7?, Nc6-a5; 12. Qb7xc7, Na5-b3; 13. Ra1-b1, e5-e4!; 14. d3xe4, Rf8-c8; 15. Qc7-b7, Nb3-a5. In both cases the queen is lost.}
10. O-O (10. Qxb7 $2 Bxd5) (10. Nxf6+ Qxf6 11. Qxb7 $2 Na5 12. Qxc7 Nb3 13. Rb1
e4 $1 14. dxe4 Rfc8 15. Qb7 Na5) 10... Rb8
{Black now threatens to advance the b-pawn.} 11. Nd2
{After this severe error Black gets a strong attack. White had to reinforce the position of the too hastily advanced knight with e2-e4.} (
11. e4) 11... Nxd5 {Es konnte auch sofort Sd4 geschehen.} 12. Bxd5
{c4xd5 is followed by the same continuation as in the game.} 12... Nd4
{White must have overlooked this move. Black now throws all the white pieces back.}
13. Qd1 Bg4 14. Re1
{Relatively the best would be to oppose a piece - most securely the bishop - on f3, because now the square f2 becomes weak.} (
14. Bf3) 14... c6 15. Bg2 f5
{Black now has a preferable attacking position - f4-f5 threatens - and White has a totally undeveloped game.}
16. h3 Bh5 17. b4 Ba7 18. Nb3 f4 $1 19. g4 $220 Qh4 $1
{Excellent! After the exchange of knights, a catastrophe now threatens on f2.}
20. c5 Nxb3 21. Qxb3+ Bf7 22. Qc3 h5 $1
{Decisive! With that, the white kingside is demolished.} 23. d4
{To make the queen active towards the kingside.} 23... hxg4 24. hxg4 Bd5
{Again very well played! After Qh4xg4, White could still defend himself with f2-f3 or d4xe5 and possibly f2-f3. As long as the queen stands on h4, however, f2-f3 does not do, as the rook on e1 would be under threat and so e5xd4 would lead to the gain of a pawn.} (
24... Qxg4 25. f3 (25. dxe5)) 25. dxe5 (25. f3 exd4 26. Qd2) 25... Bxg2
26. Kxg2 Qxg4+ 27. Kf1 dxc5
{As Dr. Tarrasch, whose annotations to this game we use, remarks, the tempting move f4-f3 would be less strong, since after e2xf3, Rf8xf3, Re1-e3 White may still be able to defend himself.} (
27... f3 28. exf3 Rxf3 29. Re3) 28. bxc5 Bxc5 $1 29. Qxc5
{With Qf3 the loss of the queen could be avoided, but the game no longer be saved.} (
29. Qf3) 29... Qh3+ 30. Kg1 Rf5
{Against the threatening rook attack, White now has to sacrifice the queen.}
31. Qc4+ (31. Bxf4 Rxf4 32. f3 Rbf8) 31... Kh8 32. Qxf4
{White has nothing better. If 32. Bc1xf4, then 32... Qh3-g4+; 33. Kg1-f1, Rf5xf4; 34. Qc4-c3, Rb8-f8; 35. Qc3-e3, Qg4-h4; 36. f2-f3, Qh4-h1+; 37. Kf1-f2, Qh1-h2+; 38. Kf2-f1, Rf4-g4 etc. Or if White plays 35. f2-f3 (instead of Qc3-e3), then 35... Qg4-g3; 36. Qc3-c5, Rf4xf3+; 37. e2xf3, Rf8xf3+; 38. Kf1-e2, Qg3-g2+; 39. Ke1-d1, Rf3-d3+; 40. Kd1-c1, Qg2-d2+; 41. Kc1-b1, Rd3-b3 mate. - Had White refrained from the check on the 31st move, though, to sacrifice the bishop immediately, then Rf5xf2, f2-f3, Rb8-g8 would have followed, and against the assault of the three heavy pieces the white royal couple, fighting alone, could not have prevailed.} (
32. Bxf4 Qg4+ 33. Kf1 Rxf4 34. Qc3 Rbf8 35. Qe3 (35. f3 Qg3 36. Qc5 Rxf3+
37. exf3 Rxf3+ 38. Ke2 Qg2+ 39. Kd1 Rd3+ 40. Kc1 Qd2+ 41. Kb1 Rb3#) 35... Qh4
36. f3 Qh1+ 37. Kf2 Qh2+ 38. Kf1 Rg4) 32... Rxf4 33. Bxf4
{With the endangered position of the king, rook and bishop for the queen is too little.}
33... Rf8 34. e3 Rf5
{Here Black might well have ended the game more quickly with the advance of the g-pawn and Rf8-f7-h7.} (
34... g5) 35. f3 Qxf3 36. Ra2 g5 37. Rf2 Qe4 38. Rh2+
{Or Bh2, Rf3 with g5-g4 and Qf3+ etc.} (38. Bh2 Rf3) 38... Kg7 39. Rg2
{Finally an oversight, but a harmless one.} 39... Rxf4 40. Rxg5+ Kf7 41. exf4
Qxe1+ {White resigns.} 0-1